Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations

@article{Kreider2004EffectsOC,
  title={Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations},
  author={Richard B. Kreider},
  journal={Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry},
  year={2004},
  volume={244},
  pages={89-94}
}
  • R. Kreider
  • Published 1 February 2003
  • Medicine
  • Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Creatine has become a popular nutritional supplement among athletes. Recent research has also suggested that there may be a number of potential therapeutic uses of creatine. This paper reviews the available research that has examined the potential ergogenic value of creatine supplementation on exercise performance and training adaptations. Review of the literature indicates that over 500 research studies have evaluated the effects of creatine supplementation on muscle physiology and/or exercise… 

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Creatine supplementation improves performance, but is it safe? Double-blind placebo-controlled study.

Despite the expected weight increase, the creatine monohydrate supplementation is safe for health and no detrimental effects on different organs and physiological systems were observed in the cohort of volunteers.

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The purpose of this review was to summarize the existing literature surrounding the efficacy of creatine supplementation on exercise and sports performance, along with recovery factors in healthy populations.

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An update to the current literature regarding the role and safety of creatine supplementation in exercise, sport, and medicine is provided and the position stand of International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) is updated.

Creatine Supplementation

Creatine monohydrate is a dietary supplement that increases muscle performance in short-duration, high-intensity resistance exercises, which rely on the phosphocreatine shuttle for adenosine
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The widespread use of creatine ingestion to improve competition performance does not seem to be justified and the potential interest of creatine supplementation for elite athletes could be related to an increased ability to perform repeated high-intensity exercise bouts, either during training or during competition in sports in which repeated efforts are required.

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