Effects of cigarette smoking on glomerular structure and function in type 2 diabetic patients.


Prospective studies have established smoking as an independent risk factor for diabetic nephropathy, suggesting an adverse effect of smoking on glomerular structure and function. To test this hypothesis, this study evaluated GFR, metabolic profile, and smoking habits in 96 patients with type 2 diabetes and abnormal albumin excretion rate (AER). All patients… (More)


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