The effect of chronic metabolic alkalosis on arterial blood ionized calcium concentration ([Ca2+]) and the levels of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] is difficult to predict. Although a fall in pH directly decreases [Ca2+], chronic alkalosis reduces urine calcium excretion, which could elevate [Ca2+]. [Ca2… (More)
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