Effects of cattle grazing and haying on wildlife conservation at National Wildlife Refuges in the United States

  title={Effects of cattle grazing and haying on wildlife conservation at National Wildlife Refuges in the United States},
  author={Beverly I. Strassmann},
  journal={Environmental Management},
The National Wildlife Refuge System is perhaps the most important system of federal lands for protecting wildlife in the United States. Only at refuges has wildlife conservation been legislated to have higher priority than either recreational or commercial activities. Presently, private ranchers and farmers graze cattle on 981,954 ha and harvest hay on 12,021 ha at 123 National Wildlife Refuges. US Fish and Wildlife Service policy is to permit these uses primarily when needed to benefit refuge… 

Ecological Costs of Livestock Grazing in Western North America

Livestock grazing is the most widespread land management practice in western North America. Seventy percent of the western United States is grazed, including wilderness areas, wildlife refuges,

ogging and livestock influence the abundance of common mammal species in editerranean forested environments

Forest and livestock management puts pressure on forests and the wildlife they support. Although many species may be negatively affected by these human activities, the abundance of other species may

Past and Current Attempts to Evaluate the Role of Birds as Predators of Insect Pests in Temperate Agriculture

Many bird species consume large quantities of invertebrates, some of which are considered agricultural pests. However, relatively few quantitative studies demonstrate that avian predators can reduce

How do en route events around the Gulf of Mexico influence migratory landbird populations?

ABSTRACT Habitats around the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) provide critical resources for Nearctic–Neotropical migratory landbirds, the majority of which travel across or around the GOM every spring and fall

The Influence of Predator Exclosures and Livestock Grazing on Duck Production at Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, Utah

The lnnuence of Predator Exclosures and Livestock Grazing on Duck Production at Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, Utah

Margay (Leopardus wiedii) in the southernmost Atlantic Forest: Density and activity patterns under different levels of anthropogenic disturbance

The margay is mostly nocturnal, and while its densities are positively influenced by forest cover and negatively influenced by human disturbance, the activity pattern of the species does not seem to change across landscapes with distinct levels of human modification.



Management of National Wildlife Refuges in the United States: Its Impacts on Birds

National Wildlife Refuges administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Interior, occur in 49 of the 50 states and encompass more than 13,678,860 ha. While much of the present

Recovery of Streamside Woody Vegetation after Exclusion of Livestock Grazing

Removal of livestock grazing along a small, perennial desert stream allowed the reestablishment of woody vegetation (Sulix amygdaloides) in the riparian zone within 10 years. Small spring/streams are

Effects of Habitat Deterioration on Bird Populations of a Small Utah Marsh

The effects of grazing and reduced water on a small marsh in Utah is reported, which shows a reduction in waterfowl abundance and changes in species composition as a result of the flooding of potholes in Washington.

Response of Deer and Livestock to Controlled Grazing in Central Texas.

White-failed deer welfare and production under various intensities of continuous-use grazing by combined cattle, sheep, and angora goats was studied in the Edwards Plateau region of Texas. Under poor

Mobility of White-Tailed Deer in South Texas

The objective of this study was to determine the size of area necessary for management of white-tailed deer as resident wildlife in the chaparral brush type habitat of southern Texas.

Upland Nesting of American Bitterns, Marsh Hawks, and Short-Eared Owls

Nests of American bitterns lentiginosus) marsh hawks (Circus cyaneus), and short-eared owls (Asio u ually found in wetland habitats. Although large marshes containing dense stands of bulrushes


Long term effects of roundup disturbance suggested that does and bucks had different behavioral mechanisms for handling disturbance problems and Does seemed to have greater fidelity to their home ranges.

The Composition of Foods

Until recently it has generally been the custom in this country to put cases of gonorrhoea on surveillance for three months but that this may not be long enough is suggested in the case described.


  • 1989