Effects of cattle grazing and haying on wildlife conservation at National Wildlife Refuges in the United States

@article{Strassmann1987EffectsOC,
  title={Effects of cattle grazing and haying on wildlife conservation at National Wildlife Refuges in the United States},
  author={Beverly I. Strassmann},
  journal={Environmental Management},
  year={1987},
  volume={11},
  pages={35-44}
}
The National Wildlife Refuge System is perhaps the most important system of federal lands for protecting wildlife in the United States. Only at refuges has wildlife conservation been legislated to have higher priority than either recreational or commercial activities. Presently, private ranchers and farmers graze cattle on 981,954 ha and harvest hay on 12,021 ha at 123 National Wildlife Refuges. US Fish and Wildlife Service policy is to permit these uses primarily when needed to benefit refuge… 

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National Wildlife Refuges administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Interior, occur in 49 of the 50 states and encompass more than 13,678,860 ha. While much of the present

Recovery of Streamside Woody Vegetation after Exclusion of Livestock Grazing

Removal of livestock grazing along a small, perennial desert stream allowed the reestablishment of woody vegetation (Sulix amygdaloides) in the riparian zone within 10 years. Small spring/streams are

Effects of Habitat Deterioration on Bird Populations of a Small Utah Marsh

TLDR
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White-failed deer welfare and production under various intensities of continuous-use grazing by combined cattle, sheep, and angora goats was studied in the Edwards Plateau region of Texas. Under poor

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The objective of this study was to determine the size of area necessary for management of white-tailed deer as resident wildlife in the chaparral brush type habitat of southern Texas.

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BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES OF WHITE-TAILED DEER TO INTENSIVE RANCHING OPERATIONS

TLDR
Long term effects of roundup disturbance suggested that does and bucks had different behavioral mechanisms for handling disturbance problems and Does seemed to have greater fidelity to their home ranges.

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Conclusions

  • 1989