Effects of carbohydrate addition on Litopenaeus vannamei intensive culture in a zero-water exchange system

@article{Lei2012EffectsOC,
  title={Effects of carbohydrate addition on Litopenaeus vannamei intensive culture in a zero-water exchange system},
  author={Gao Lei and S. Hongwei and Tian-Wen Zhang and W. Bao and Shen Ma},
  journal={Aquaculture},
  year={2012},
  volume={342},
  pages={89-96}
}
Abstract The present study investigated the effects of carbohydrate addition on the water quality, carbon/nitrogen ratios, densities of total bacteria, nitrogen cycle bacteria and zooplankton, and shrimp growth performance in a zero-water exchange system for Litopenaeus vannamei intensive culture. Sucrose was added as the carbohydrate into the water at five levels, i.e., 0, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of the theoretical adding quantity. Our results demonstrated that carbohydrate addition, especially… Expand
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