Effects of burn temperature on ash nutrient forms and availability from cattail (Typha domingensis) and sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) in the Florida Everglades.

  title={Effects of burn temperature on ash nutrient forms and availability from cattail (Typha domingensis) and sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) in the Florida Everglades.},
  author={Yun Qian and Shili Miao and Ben Gu and Y. C. Li},
  journal={Journal of environmental quality},
  volume={38 2},
  • Y. QianS. Miao Y. C. Li
  • Published 6 February 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of environmental quality
Plant ash derived from fire plays an important role in nutrient balance and cycling in ecosystems. Factors that determine the composition and availability of ash nutrients include fire intensity (burn temperature and duration), plant species, habitat nutrient enrichment, and leaf type (live or dead leaf). We used laboratory simulation methods to evaluate temperature effects on nutrient composition and metals in the residual ash of sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) and cattail (Typha domingensis… 

Phosphorus release from ash and remaining tissues of two wetland species after a prescribed fire.

Findings suggest that prescribed burning accelerates P release from cattail and sawgrass and imply that it is very important to keep the water stagnant in the first 24 h to maximize the benefits of a prescribed fire in the Everglades.

Fire Severity and Post-fire Hydrology Drive Nutrient Cycling and Plant Community Recovery in Intermittent Wetlands

Fire is a critical driver of plant and soil nutrient cycling in nutrient-limited ecosystems. Phosphorus (P)-limited and fire-adapted ecosystems can uptake fire-released P, but it is uncertain how

Estimation of postfire nutrient loss in the Florida everglades.

Data obtained in laboratory experiments suggest that the losses of TN, TC, as well as the ratio of ash total phosphorus (TP) concentration to leaf TP concentration have strong relationships with burning temperature and these relationships can be quantitatively described by nonlinear equations.

Effect of fire on phosphorus forms in Sphagnum moss and peat soils of ombrotrophic bogs.

Vegetation Response to Prescribed Fire in Mid-Atlantic Brackish Marshes

Prescribed fire management generally stimulates plant biomass production in coastal marsh systems. This study was conducted to understand the interactive effects of the mechanisms of fire on



Biomass and nutrient allocation of sawgrass and cattail along a nutrient gradient in the Florida Everglades

The results suggest that phosphorus is a limiting resource in the Everglades and that the two species have different life history strategies, and these data provide an ecological basis for making informed management and planning decisions to protect and restore the everglades.


Analysis of nutrient-use efficiency indicates that sawgrass is highly efficient in nutrient resorption and nutrient proficiency, but this efficiency decreases at high soil P concentrations, and indices indicate that suboptimal concentrations of P exist in the Everglades.

Growth of southern cattail (Typha domingensis pers.) Seedlings in response to fire-related soil transformations in the northern Florida Everglades

The interaction between plant growth and nutrient availability is an important aspect of vegetation dynamics in wetlands. In this study, seedlings of Typha domingensis were used to assay the nutrient

Differential effects of surface and peat fire on soil constituents in a degraded wetland of the northern Florida Everglades.

The effects of surface and peat fire on a number of soil constituents were examined within a hydrologically altered marsh in the northern Florida Everglades, and it was indicated that increases in the levels of total phosphorus (TP) in peat-burned areas were due primarily to the physical reduction of soil, while decreases in TN and TC were the result of volatilization.

Fire and Nutrient Cycling in a Douglas-Fir/Larch Forest

Twenty control burns performed with a wide range of fuel loadings and moisture conditions were used to study the effectiveness of old fuel reduction under standing Douglas—fir/larch forest, showing this soil is young and capable of withstanding many years of cyclic intensive burns.

Soil respiration response to prescribed burning and thinning in mixed-conifer and hardwood forests

It is found that selective thinning produced a simi- lar effect on both forests by elevating SRR, soil moisture, and soil temperature, although the magnitude of response was greater in the mixed-conifer forest.

Fire Severity, Ash Deposition, and Clipping Effects on Soil Nutrients in Chaparral

Fire may affect soil nutrient status by direct addition of nutrients and by indirectly altering the soil environment. The objective of this study was to examine how fire severity, ash deposition, and

Effects of prescribed fire on soil quality in Mediterranean grassland (Prades Mountains, north-east Spain)

This study examines the effects of a prescribed fire, conducted in grassland in order to maintain a fire break, on soil quality (pH and nutrients) in the Prades Mountains in the Mediterranean climate