Effects of birth spacing on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health: a systematic review of causal mechanisms.

  title={Effects of birth spacing on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health: a systematic review of causal mechanisms.},
  author={Agust{\'i}n Conde-Agudelo and Anyeli Rosas-Berm{\'u}dez and Fabio Casta{\~n}o and Maureen H Norton},
  journal={Studies in family planning},
  volume={43 2},
This systematic review of 58 observational studies identified hypothetical causal mechanisms explaining the effects of short and long intervals between pregnancies on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health, and critically examined the scientific evidence for each causal mechanism hypothesized. The following hypothetical causal mechanisms for explaining the association between short intervals and adverse outcomes were identified: maternal nutritional depletion, folate depletion, cervical… CONTINUE READING


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