Effects of birds on sea urchins and algae: A lower-intertidal trophic cascade

@article{Wootton1995EffectsOB,
  title={Effects of birds on sea urchins and algae: A lower-intertidal trophic cascade},
  author={J. Wootton},
  journal={Ecoscience},
  year={1995},
  volume={2},
  pages={321-328}
}
  • J. Wootton
  • Published 1995
  • Biology
  • Ecoscience
  • Bird predators (glaucous-winged gulls [Larus glaucescens], American black oystercatchers [Haematopus bachmani], and northwestern crows [Corvus caurinus]) were excluded over a period of 2 years with... 
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