Effects of azetidine-2-carboxylic acid on treatments of hepatoma cells with single or fractionated X-ray irradiations and on thermal radiosensitization in normal and thermotolerant cells.

Abstract

The amino acid analog azetidine-2-carboxylic acid (azetidine) is a potent sensitizer to both hyperthermia and ionizing radiation. Incubation of H35 hepatoma cells with 2.5 mM azetidine before or after treatments with X-rays causes a time- and sequence-dependent enhancement of cell killing. Exposure of cells to 1-1.5 mM azetidine for 96 h in combination with repeated doses of 3 Gy X-rays at 24 h intervals causes an enhanced reduction of the surviving cell population due to both radiosensitization and an additional growth inhibition. Azetidine does not prevent the induction of thermotolerance after a heat shock. This thermotolerance proportionally reduces thermal radiosensitization but does not seem to affect azetidine radiosensitization. It is suggested that thermal radiosensitization and azetidine radiosensitization operate by different mechanisms.

Cite this paper

@article{Rijn1999EffectsOA, title={Effects of azetidine-2-carboxylic acid on treatments of hepatoma cells with single or fractionated X-ray irradiations and on thermal radiosensitization in normal and thermotolerant cells.}, author={Johannes Van Rijn and Jaap van den Berg and Charles A P G van der Mast}, journal={Radiation oncology investigations}, year={1999}, volume={7 5}, pages={270-7} }