Effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers in contrast-induced nephropathy.

Abstract

Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is considered the third leading cause of iatrogenic acute kidney injury in high-risk patients undergoing radiographic procedures. The main mechanism leading to CIN is medullary hypoxia due to decreased renal blood flow, secondary to renal artery vasoconstriction and direct tubular toxicity by contrast medium. Furthermore… (More)
DOI: 10.1159/000355764

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