Effects of acetyl‐L‐carnitine and methylcobalamin for diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A multicenter, randomized, double‐blind, controlled trial

Abstract

AIMS/INTRODUCTION To assess the efficacy and safety of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy compared with methylcobalamin (MC). MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, double-dummy, positive-controlled, non-inferior phase II clinical trial. Diabetic patients with abnormal nerve conduction test results were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive oral ALC 500 mg t.i.d. or MC 0.5 mg t.i.d. for 24 weeks. The neuropathy symptom score, neuropathy disability score and neurophysiological parameters were measured during follow up. RESULTS A total of 232 patients were randomized (ALC n = 117, MC n = 115), 88% of which completed the trial. At week 24, patients from both groups had significant reductions in both neuropathy symptom score and neuropathy disability score with no significant difference between two groups (neuropathy symptom score reduction: ALC vs MC 2.35 ± 2.23, P < 0.0001 vs 2.11 ± 2.48, P < 0.0001, intergroup P = 0.38; neuropathy disability score reduction ALC vs MC 1.66 ± 1.90, P < 0.0001 vs 1.35 ± 1.65, P < 0.0001, intergroup P = 0.23). Neurophysiological parameters were also improved in both groups. No significant difference was found between groups in the development of adverse events. CONCLUSIONS ALC is as effective as MC in improving clinical symptoms and neurophysiological parameters for patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy over a 24-week period with good tolerance.

DOI: 10.1111/jdi.12493

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@inproceedings{Li2016EffectsOA, title={Effects of acetyl‐L‐carnitine and methylcobalamin for diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A multicenter, randomized, double‐blind, controlled trial}, author={Sheyu Li and Xiang Chen and Qianrui Li and Juan Du and Zhimin Liu and Yongde Peng and Mian Xu and Qifu Li and Minxiang Lei and Changjiang Wang and Shaoxiong Zheng and Xiaojuan Zhang and Hongling Yu and Jinyu Shi and Shibing Tao and Ping Feng and Haoming Tian}, booktitle={Journal of diabetes investigation}, year={2016} }