Effects of a protection gradient on carnivore density and survival: an example with leopards in the Luangwa valley, Zambia


Human activities on the periphery of protected areas can limit carnivore populations, but measurements of the strength of such effects are limited, largely due to difficulties of obtaining precise data on population density and survival. We measured how density and survival rates of a previously unstudied leopard population varied across a gradient of… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2155


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