Effects of a defective ERAD pathway on growth and heterologous protein production in Aspergillus niger

Abstract

Endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation (ERAD) is a conserved mechanism to remove misfolded proteins from the ER by targeting them to the proteasome for degradation. To assess the role of ERAD in filamentous fungi, we have examined the consequences of disrupting putative ERAD components in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. Deletion of derA, doaA, hrdC, mifA, or mnsA in A. niger yields viable strains, and with the exception of doaA, no significant growth phenotype is observed when compared to the parental strain. The gene deletion mutants were also made in A. niger strains containing single- or multicopies of a glucoamylase–glucuronidase (GlaGus) gene fusion. The induction of the unfolded protein response (UPR) target genes (bipA and pdiA) was dependent on the copy number of the heterologous gene and the ERAD gene deleted. The highest induction of UPR target genes was observed in ERAD mutants containing multiple copies of the GlaGus gene. Western blot analysis revealed that deletion of the derA gene in the multicopy GlaGus overexpressing strain resulted in a 6-fold increase in the intracellular amount of GlaGus protein detected. Our results suggest that impairing some components of the ERAD pathway in combination with high expression levels of the heterologous protein results in higher intracellular protein levels, indicating a delay in protein degradation.

DOI: 10.1007/s00253-010-2916-5

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@inproceedings{Carvalho2010EffectsOA, title={Effects of a defective ERAD pathway on growth and heterologous protein production in Aspergillus niger}, author={Neuza D. S. P. Carvalho and Mark Arentshorst and Rolf A Kooistra and Hein Stam and Cees M. J. Sagt and Cees A. M. J. J. van den Hondel and Arthur F. J. Ram}, booktitle={Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology}, year={2010} }