Effects of a Plyometrics Intervention Program on Sprint Performance

@article{Rimmer2000EffectsOA,
  title={Effects of a Plyometrics Intervention Program on Sprint Performance},
  author={Edwin Rimmer and Gordon G. Sleivert},
  journal={Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research},
  year={2000},
  volume={14},
  pages={295–301}
}
To determine the effects of a sprint-specific plyometrics program on sprint performance, an 8-week training study consisting of 15 training sessions was conducted. Twenty-six male subjects completed the training. A plyometrics group (N = 10) performed sprint-specific plyometric exercises, while a sprint group (N = 7) performed sprints. A control group (N = 9) was included. Subjects performed sprints over 10-and 40-m distances before (Pre) and after (Post) training. For the plyometrics group… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

EFFECTS OF SPRINT AND PLYOMETRIC TRAINING ON MUSCLE FUNCTION AND ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE
TLDR
It is concluded that short-term sprint training produces similar or even greater training effects in muscle function and athletic performance than does conventional plyometric training.
EFFECT OF PLYOMETRIC TRAINING ON RUNNING PERFORMANCE AND VERTICAL JUMPING IN PREPUBERTAL BOYS
TLDR
Results indicate that plyometric exercises can improve SJ and RV in prepubertal boys and selectively influenced the maximum velocity phase, but not the acceleration phase.
Effect of plyometric training on athletic performance in preadolescent soccer players
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of plyometric training on performance of preadolescent soccer players. 21 players assigned to two groups: jumping-group (JG, n = 11) and
Effects of Plyometric Training on Speed and Agility among Recreational Football Players
Plyometrics are exercises that involved the enhancement of muscle performance. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of 6-weeks plyometric training on speed and agility performance
The Effects of Plyometric Training on Sprint Performance: A Meta-Analysis
TLDR
The loading parameters identified in this analysis should be considered by the professional sprinters and specialized trainers with regard to the most appropriate dose-response trends PT to optimized sprint performance gains.
Acute Effects of a Speed Training Program on Sprinting Step Kinematics and Performance
TLDR
Speed training (ST) shows potential in the reduction of step variability and as an effective short-term intervention program in the improvement of sprint performance.
The effect of periodized resistance training on accelerative sprint performance
TLDR
Strength coaches should be aware that the potential benefits of increased muscular strength during short sprints are likely to be affected by mechanical specificity and that improvements in sprinting performance may not occur immediately after a period of resistance training.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLYOMETRIC TRAINING ON MUSCLE STRENGHT FOR SOCCER PLAYERS
Objectives. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of plyometric training on muscle strength for soccer players in a project school in Kuala Lumpur. Methodology. All 60 subjects were
The Effect of Plyometric Training Volume on Athletic Performance in Prepubertal Male Soccer Players.
TLDR
After 8 wk of training, results showed similar performance improvement on measures of sprint time, CoD, and jumping ability between LPT and HPT groups, and it is recommended to use LPT in prepubertal male soccer players to improve their proxies of athletic performance.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Influence of high-resistance and high-velocity training on sprint performance.
TLDR
Two training groups (HR and HV) were compared with two control groups (RUN and PAS) and the HV group improved significantly in total 100 m time and the HR program resulted in an improved initial acceleration phase.
Enhancing Performance: Maximal Power Versus Combined Weights and Plyometrics Training
This study examined the relative effectiveness of two leading forms of athletic training in enhancing dynamic performance in various tests. Thirty-three men who participated in various regional level
The Effects of an Off‐season Strength and Conditioning Program on Starters and Non‐starters in Women's Intercollegiate Volleyball
Fourteen female NCAA Division I collegiate volleyball players were monitored during a 12-week off-season strength and conditioning program. Physical characteristics (mean ± standard deviation)
Force-Time Characteristics and Running Velocity of Male Sprinters during the Acceleration Phase of Sprinting
Abstract In an effort to investigate the force-time characteristics during the acceleration phase of the sprint start, eight male sprinters were used as subjects. Runs up to 3 m were analyzed from
EMG, Force, and Power Analysis of Sprint-Specific Strength Exercises
This study was undertaken to compare force-time characteristics, muscle power, and electromyographic (EMG) activities of the leg muscles in maximal sprinting and in selected bounding and jumping
Intended rather than actual movement velocity determines velocity-specific training response.
TLDR
The results suggest that the principal stimuli for the high-velocity training response are the repeated attempts to perform ballistic contractions and the high rate of force development of the ensuing contraction.
Velocity Specificity of Resistance Training
TLDR
The preprogrammed neural circuitry of ballistic contractions suggests that high velocity training adaptations may involve significant neural adaptations, which may include the selective activation of motor units and/or muscles, especially with high velocity alternating contractions.
Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences
  • Jacob Cohen
  • Mathematics
    The SAGE Encyclopedia of Research Design
  • 2022
Contents: Prefaces. The Concepts of Power Analysis. The t-Test for Means. The Significance of a Product Moment rs (subscript s). Differences Between Correlation Coefficients. The Test That a
PLYOMETRICS: Sprint bounding and the sprint bound index
Jumping into plyometrics
TLDR
This manual explains basic muscle physiology, how plyometrics works, and how to design the ideal plyometric training programme for many sports, and features many plyometric exercises that can be applied to training regimens for a variety of sports.
...
...