Effects of Verbal Event Structure on Online Thematic Role Assignment

@article{Malaia2012EffectsOV,
  title={Effects of Verbal Event Structure on Online Thematic Role Assignment},
  author={Evie A. Malaia and Ronnie B. Wilbur and Christine M. Weber-Fox},
  journal={Journal of Psycholinguistic Research},
  year={2012},
  volume={41},
  pages={323-345}
}
Event structure describes the relationships between general semantics (Aktionsart) of the verb and its syntactic properties, separating verbs into two classes: telic verbs, which denote change of state events with an inherent end-point or boundary (catch, rescue), and atelic, which refer to homogenous activities (tease, host). As telic verbs describe events, in which the internal argument (Patient) is affected, we hypothesized that processing of telic verb template would activate syntactic… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Beyond Verb Meaning: Experimental Evidence for Incremental Processing of Semantic Roles and Event Structure
TLDR
The combined set of findings suggest that clause-initial animacy is not sufficient for agent identification in German, which seems to be completed only at the verbal lexeme in the authors' experiment.
Event End-Point Primes the Undergoer Argument: Neurobiological Bases of Event Structure Processing
Telicity as an element of subatomic semantics is often formulated as a property of the verb referring to a change-of-state event (catch, vanish). Atelic verbs, on the other hand, refer to homogenous
Neural bases of syntax–semantics interface processing
TLDR
These results demonstrate that the processing of semantic and syntactic features during sentence comprehension proceeds in highly integrated fashion using gating of attentional resources to facilitate rapid comprehension, with attentional suppression of global alpha power to facilitate interaction of local networks.
Neural bases of event knowledge and syntax integration in comprehension of complex sentences
TLDR
The data suggest that telic verbs facilitate online processing by means of consolidating the event schemas in episodic memory and by easing the computation of syntactico-thematic hierarchies in the left inferior frontal gyrus.
It Still Isn't Over: Event Boundaries in Language and Perception
  • E. Malaia
  • Computer Science
    Lang. Linguistics Compass
  • 2014
TLDR
Sign languages provide the link between visual perception and linguistic expression, showing a complex mapping from perceptual and cognitive event segmentation to linguistic structures at the phonology–syntax interface.
Subject preference emerges as cross-modal strategy for linguistic processing
TLDR
It is suggested that in the visual modality, transitional movement of the articulators prior to the disambiguating verb position or co-occurring non-manual (face/body) markings were used in resolving the local ambiguity in ÖGS.
Kinematic parameters of signed verbs.
TLDR
The data demonstrate that kinematic features of motion in HZJ verb signs are recruited to convey morphological and prosodic information, the first crosslinguistic motion capture confirmation that specific kinematics of articulator motion are grammaticalized in other SLs to express linguistic features.
Neural Processing of Verbal Event Structure: Temporal and Functional Dissociation Between Telic and Atelic Verbs
The chapter uses electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) evidence to explore neural bases of telicity/atelicity computation. We focus on understanding how
Shared neural and cognitive mechanisms in action and language: The multiscale information transfer framework.
TLDR
This review compares how humans process action and language sequences produced by other humans and proposes the multiscale information transfer framework (MSIT) as a way of integrating insights and highlights directions into which future empirical research inspired by the MSIT framework might fruitfully evolve.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
ERP evidence for telicity effects on syntactic processing in garden-path sentences
TLDR
The results support the postulated conceptual/semantic distinction underlying the two verb categories, and demonstrate that world-knowledge about actions designated by verbs and syntactic proficiency are reflected in on-line processing of sentence structure.
The role of animacy and thematic relationships in processing active English sentences: Evidence from event-related potentials
TLDR
These findings suggest that semantic-thematic relations, related to animacy constraints on verbs' arguments, are computed online and can immediately impact verb processing within active, English sentences.
The independence of combinatory semantic processing: Evidence from event-related potentials
Abstract We recorded event-related brain potentials (ERPs) while participants read sentences, some of which contained an anomalous word. In the critical sentences (e.g., The meal was devouring…), the
Electrophysiological distinctions in processing conceptual relationships within simple sentences.
TLDR
A qualitative neural distinction is suggested in processing these two types of conceptual anomalies within simple, unambiguous English sentences: thematic role animacy violations and non-thematic role pragmatic violations.
Verb aspect, event structure, and coreferential processing.
TLDR
Novel behavioral and neurocognitive evidence is provided that verb aspect influences the construction of situation models during language comprehension by coreferential processing following sentences that portrayed transfer-of-possession events as either ongoing or completed using imperfective and perfective verb aspect.
Syntactically Based Sentence Processing Classes: Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials
TLDR
The distinct timing and distribution of these effects provide biological support for theories that distinguish between these types of grammatical rules and constraints and more generally for the proposal that semantic and grammatical processes are distinct subsystems within the language faculty.
An electrophysiological analysis of animacy effects in the processing of object relative sentences.
TLDR
The timing and multitude of electrophysiological effects are interpreted as evidence that both semantic and syntactic information, and perhaps other types of information, are used early during structural analysis and message-level computations as needed for comprehension.
Verb Aspect and Situation Models
The role of verb aspect in the construction of situation models was examined in this study. Participants read stories that contained a sentence that described an activity that either was completed
Different Anaphoric Expressions Are Investigated by Event-Related Brain Potentials
TLDR
Findings support the idea that ellipses and pronouns/proper names are processed by distinct mechanisms being implemented in distinct cortical cell assemblies.
Lexical structure and parsing complexity
TLDR
This paper focuses on reduced relative clauses and proposes a new lexical-structural analysis for those verbs that are difficult in this construction, manner of motion verbs, and discusses the interaction between the proposed lexical structure and the com petitive attachment parser.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...