Effects of Treatment with Various Remineralizing Agents on the Microhardness of Demineralized Enamel Surface

  title={Effects of Treatment with Various Remineralizing Agents on the Microhardness of Demineralized Enamel Surface},
  author={Kiana Salehzadeh Esfahani and Romina Mazaheri and Leila Pishevar},
  journal={Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects},
  pages={239 - 245}
Background and aims. Remineralization of incipient caries is one of the goals in dental health care. The present study aimed at comparing the effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate complex (CPP-ACP), Remin Pro®, and 5% sodium fluoride varnish on remineralization of enamel lesions. Materials and methods. In this in vitro study, 60 enamel samples were randomly allocated to six groups of 10. After four days of immersion in demineralizing solution, microhardness of all samples… 

Tables from this paper

Effects of treatment with three types of varnish remineralizing agents on the microhardness of demineralized enamel surface

All three varnishes, Duraphat, MI paste and Nano paste increase the enamel surface microhardness and remineralization of incipient caries according to the results of this study.

The effect of Remin Pro on the microhardness of initial enamel lesions in primary teeth: An in vitro study

Remin Pro can be used as an effective substance for preventing tooth caries in children by reducing microhardness following the development of initial caries lesions in primary teeth.

Enamel remineralization efficacy of three widely used remineralizing tooth pastes: An in-vitro study

Tooth Mousse plus and Remin Pro showed promising enamel remineralizing potential in comparison with Casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate cream, Nano-hydroxyapatite containing paste and Xylitol containing paste using surface micro hardness analysis.

Comparison of the Effect of Three Remineralizing Agents on Surface Microhardness and Surface Roughness of Primary Teeth Enamel

Both BAG paste and CPP-ACP paste have a highly significant recovery in compared to fluoride varnish after remineralization in microhardness and SEM evaluation but there was no significant difference between the different study groups in the surface roughness results.

Effect of Two Methods of Remineralization and Resin Infiltration on Surface Hardness of Artificially Induced Enamel Lesions

MI-Paste Plus and Remin Pro can efficiently increase the hardness of incipient enamel lesions in commonly used remineralizing agents and resin infiltration at different time points.

Remineralization ability of sodium fluoride on the microhardness of enamel, dentin, and dentinoenamel junction: An in vitro study

Long-term repeated application of sodium fluoride (226 ppm) can improve the microhardness of demineralized dental tissues on enamel, dentin, and DEJ-axial zone, except in the DeJ-cusp tip andDEJ-center of fissure.

Comparison of the effect of fluoride gel and two toothpastes with different materials on remineralization of initial carious lesions in primary teeth

ReminPro toothpaste might be effective in remineralizing initial carious lesions of primary teeth.

Comparative Assessment of Enamel Microhardness Using Various Remineralising Agents on Artificially Demineralized Human Enamel

The application ofRemineralizing paste proved potent in improving the remineralization in the demineralized enamel surface by measuring the microhardness of enamel.

The effect of two calcium phosphate-containing agents on the enamel resistance of permanent molars to demineralization: An experimental study.

The outcomes of the current study indicated that all three agents seemed to increase the enamel resistance of permanent molar teeth to demineralization.

The Effect of Silver Diamine Fluoride Versus Sodium Fluoride Varnish on the Microhardness of Demineralized Enamel: An In Vitro Study

NaF varnish and SDF can both remineralize early enamel lesion but SDF has greater reminERALizing potential.



Effect of a CPP-ACP agent on the demineralization and remineralization of dentine in vitro.

Effect of Fluoridated Dentifrices on Surface Microhardness of the Enamel of Deciduous Teeth

Surface microhardness of enamel after remineralization by Crest 1100 ppm F was higher than Crest 500 ppm F, Pooneh 500 ppmF, and Po oneh without fluoride.

Remineralization potential of fluoride and amorphous calcium phosphate-casein phospho peptide on enamel lesions: An in vitro comparative evaluation

ACP-CPP cream is effective, but to a lesser extent than fluoride in remineralizing early enamel caries at surface level, and Combination of fluoride and ACP- CPP does not provide any additiveRemineralization potential compared to fluoride alone.

Effects of different topical agents on enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets: an in vivo and in vitro study.

In vivo and in vitro evaluations indicated that CPP-ACP and fluoride containing agents successfully inhibited caries around orthodontic brackets.

Effect of CPP-ACP paste on tooth mineralization: an FE-SEM study.

From the morphological observations of the enamel and dentin surfaces, it could be considered that the CPP-ACP paste might prevent demineralization of the tooth structure.

The effects of child formula toothpastes on enamel caries using two in vitro pH-cycling models.

Both 10-day and 7-day pH-cycling models were suitable for studying carious lesion progression in primary teeth, and a pea-sized portion of 500ppm F toothpaste slowed down the demineralisation progression better than a half-pea- sized portion.

The inhibitory effect of MI paste, fluoride and a combination of both on the progression of artificial caries-like lesions in enamel.

This in-vitro study evaluated the inhibition of demineralization in enamel sections produced by MI paste, fluoride and a combination of both, compared to artificial saliva and NaF 5000 ppm in a caries progression pH-cycling model and found the higher concentration of NaF reduced lesion progression to the greatest extent.

Remineralization of Enamel Subsurface Lesions by Casein Phosphopeptide-stabilized Calcium Phosphate Solutions

  • E. Reynolds
  • Materials Science
    Journal of dental research
  • 1997
In this in vitro study, CPP-stabilized calcium phosphate solutions were shown to remineralize subsurface lesions in human third-molar enamel and were significantly correlated with the degree of saturation for hydroxyapatite, octacalcium phosphate, or ACP.