Effects of Treatment History and Centralized Intake on Drug Treatment Outcomes

  title={Effects of Treatment History and Centralized Intake on Drug Treatment Outcomes},
  author={Clare Sears and Thomas Davis and Joseph R Guydish},
  journal={Journal of Psychoactive Drugs},
  pages={87 - 95}
Abstract This study assesses differences between first-time treatment clients (n=90) and repeat treatment clients (n=361), including whether entering treatment through a central intake unit affects outcomes differently for the two groups. Interview data were collected at baseline, one-month and 12-month follow-up. Study groups were similar in gender, race and age, but repeat treatment participants were more educated, more likely to primarily use heroin and more likely to have ever injected… 
6 Citations
Gender Comparisons of Factors Associated with Drug Treatment Utilization among Puerto Rican Drug Users
Gender-specific effects of social bonds, network characteristics, and other factors on drug treatment enrollment among Puerto Rican drug users are examined to help develop gender-differentiated drug counseling and treatment efforts that engage women's sex partners and men's friendship networks to build support for drug treatment.
Women with Co-Occurring Disorders (COD): Treatment Settings and Service Needs
Data from four studies of four types of interventions across a continuum of substance abuse treatment settings for women with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health issues provide information that allows both mental health and substance abuse systems and providers to move toward more effective interventions tailored to specific groups of women with COD.
A Phenomenological Study of Methamphetamine and Heroin Users’ Arrest Experiences
A Phenomenological Study of Methamphetamine and Heroin Users’ Arrest Experiences James Bardon, 2018 Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences,


Does centralized intake improve drug abuse treatment outcomes?
Drug abuse day treatment: a randomized clinical trial comparing day and residential treatment programs.
Comparison of outcome scores at 6 months between groups, while controlling for baseline values, indicated greater improvement for residential clients on social problems and psychiatric symptoms than day treatment clients, which were similar on the 8 remaining outcomes.
Prior treatment experience related to process and outcomes in DATOS.
Modeling Year 1 Outcomes with Treatment Process and Post-treatment Social Influences
An integrative model developed previously to predict treatment retention was expanded and applied to post- treatment outcomes and the effects of intervening social support variables as predictors of post-treatment drug and criminality outcomes were expanded.
Predicting posttreatment cocaine abstinence for first-time admissions and treatment repeaters.
Although treatment repeaters were relatively difficult to treat, their likelihood of achieving abstinence was similar to that of first-timers if they were retained in treatment for a sufficient time, and first- Timers and repeaters responded similarly to the treatment program characteristics examined.
Drug abuse treatment process components that improve retention.
Effect of centralized intake on outcomes of substance abuse treatment.
An experimental program in one Iowa county in which clients are assessed and referred elsewhere if treatment is needed is described, with lower utilization arising from failure to attend recommended treatment than the intended outcome of the intake-and-referral program.
Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity: Project MATCH posttreatment drinking outcomes.
  • Psychology
    Journal of studies on alcohol
  • 1997
It is suggested that psychiatric severity should be considered when assigning clients to outpatient therapies and providers need not take these client characteristics into account when triaging clients to one or the other of these three individually delivered treatment approaches, despite their different treatment philosophies.