Effects of Treatment History and Centralized Intake on Drug Treatment Outcomes

  title={Effects of Treatment History and Centralized Intake on Drug Treatment Outcomes},
  author={Clare Sears and Thomas Davis and Joseph R Guydish},
  journal={Journal of Psychoactive Drugs},
  pages={87 - 95}
Abstract This study assesses differences between first-time treatment clients (n=90) and repeat treatment clients (n=361), including whether entering treatment through a central intake unit affects outcomes differently for the two groups. Interview data were collected at baseline, one-month and 12-month follow-up. Study groups were similar in gender, race and age, but repeat treatment participants were more educated, more likely to primarily use heroin and more likely to have ever injected… Expand
5 Citations

Topics from this paper

Gender Comparisons of Factors Associated with Drug Treatment Utilization among Puerto Rican Drug Users
Gender-specific effects of social bonds, network characteristics, and other factors on drug treatment enrollment among Puerto Rican drug users are examined to help develop gender-differentiated drug counseling and treatment efforts that engage women's sex partners and men's friendship networks to build support for drug treatment. Expand
Women with Co-Occurring Disorders (COD): Treatment Settings and Service Needs
Data from four studies of four types of interventions across a continuum of substance abuse treatment settings for women with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health issues provide information that allows both mental health and substance abuse systems and providers to move toward more effective interventions tailored to specific groups of women with COD. Expand
A systems approach to care pathways into in-patient alcohol detoxification: outcomes from a retrospective study.
It is concluded that in comparison to a loose network of services a co-ordinated and managed service system can improve targeting for in-patient detoxification for most people with severe alcohol dependence but may not do so for all who need access. Expand
A Phenomenological Study of Methamphetamine and Heroin Users’ Arrest Experiences
A Phenomenological Study of Methamphetamine and Heroin Users’ Arrest Experiences James Bardon, 2018 Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences,Expand


Does centralized intake improve drug abuse treatment outcomes?
The CIU may have improved access to treatment for a more disabled population; however, clients entering treatment through the CIU did not have better outcomes than those entering treatment directly. Expand
Drug abuse day treatment: a randomized clinical trial comparing day and residential treatment programs.
Comparison of outcome scores at 6 months between groups, while controlling for baseline values, indicated greater improvement for residential clients on social problems and psychiatric symptoms than day treatment clients, which were similar on the 8 remaining outcomes. Expand
Prior treatment experience related to process and outcomes in DATOS.
The findings confirm the importance of considering treatment process and aftercare in developing and implementing strategies to optimize treatment for patients with different treatment histories and affect post-treatment abstinence. Expand
Predicting drug treatment entry among treatment-seeking individuals.
Drug abusers having prior successful treatment experience were also more likely to reenter treatment, but those with more severe problems seemed less likely to enter treatment, indicating that psychological distress and family problems may undermine motivation to follow through on treatment referral. Expand
Modeling Year 1 Outcomes with Treatment Process and Post-treatment Social Influences
An integrative model developed previously to predict treatment retention was expanded and applied to post- treatment outcomes and the effects of intervening social support variables as predictors of post-treatment drug and criminality outcomes were expanded. Expand
Predicting posttreatment cocaine abstinence for first-time admissions and treatment repeaters.
Although treatment repeaters were relatively difficult to treat, their likelihood of achieving abstinence was similar to that of first-timers if they were retained in treatment for a sufficient time, and first- Timers and repeaters responded similarly to the treatment program characteristics examined. Expand
Client engagement and change during drug abuse treatment.
Client background, treatment motivation, and therapeutic focus of counseling in Month 1 were significant predictors of session attendance in the first 3 months following admission to methadone treatment, and session attendance was positively related to favorable behavioral changes. Expand
Drug abuse treatment process components that improve retention.
BACKGROUND Longer retention has been the most consistent predictor of favorable drug abuse treatment outcomes, but key therapeutic and patient engagement indicators of treatment process need to beExpand
Effect of centralized intake on outcomes of substance abuse treatment.
An experimental program in one Iowa county in which clients are assessed and referred elsewhere if treatment is needed is described, with lower utilization arising from failure to attend recommended treatment than the intended outcome of the intake-and-referral program. Expand
Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity: Project MATCH posttreatment drinking outcomes.
  • Medicine
  • Journal of studies on alcohol
  • 1997
It is suggested that psychiatric severity should be considered when assigning clients to outpatient therapies and providers need not take these client characteristics into account when triaging clients to one or the other of these three individually delivered treatment approaches, despite their different treatment philosophies. Expand