Effects of Tissue Material Properties on X-Ray Image, Scatter and Patient Dose A Monte Carlo Simulation

  title={Effects of Tissue Material Properties on X-Ray Image, Scatter and Patient Dose A Monte Carlo Simulation},
  author={Philipp Roser and Annette I. Birkhold and Xia Zhong and Elizaveta Stepina and Markus Kowarschik and Rebecca Fahrig and Andreas K. Maier},
  booktitle={Bildverarbeitung f{\"u}r die Medizin},
With increasing patient and staff X-ray radiation awareness, many efforts have been made to develop accurate patient dose estimation methods. To date, Monte Carlo (MC) simulations are considered golden standard to simulate the interaction of X-ray radiation with matter. However, sensitivity of MC simulation results to variations in the experimental or clinical setup of image guided interventional procedures are only limited studied. In particular, the impact of patient material compositions is… 
1 Citations

XDose: toward online cross-validation of experimental and computational X-ray dose estimation

This paper shows how a dose simulation method, carried out together with actual X-ray experiments, can be realized to obtain reliable organ dose values efficiently and indicates that Monte Carlo methods can be accelerated hardware-independently and still yield reliable results.



Seeing is believing: increasing intraoperative awareness to scattered radiation in interventional procedures by combining augmented reality, Monte Carlo simulations and wireless dosimeters

  • N. RodasN. Padoy
  • Medicine, Physics
    International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
  • 2015
The proposed system is capable to display intraoperative scattered radiation intuitively in 3D by using augmented reality and can have a strong impact on improving clinicians’ awareness of their exposure to ionizing radiation and on reducing overexposure risks.

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A tungsten anode spectral model using interpolating polynomials (TASMIP) was used to compute x-ray spectra at 1 keV intervals over the range from 30 kV to 140 kV, which may be useful for computing the detective quantum efficiency, DQE(f), of x-rays detector systems.

Geant4 - A simulation toolkit

EPDL97: the evaluated photo data library `97 version

The Evaluated Photon Data Library, 1997 version (EPLD97), is designed for use in photon transport calculations at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This library includes photon interaction data