Effects of Surface Electrical Stimulation Both at Rest and During Swallowing in Chronic Pharyngeal Dysphagia

@article{Ludlow2006EffectsOS,
  title={Effects of Surface Electrical Stimulation Both at Rest and During Swallowing in Chronic Pharyngeal Dysphagia},
  author={Christy L. Ludlow and Ianessa A. Humbert and Keith G Saxon and Christopher J. Poletto and Barbara C. Sonies and MS LisaCrujido},
  journal={Dysphagia},
  year={2006},
  volume={22},
  pages={1-10}
}
We tested two hypotheses using surface electrical stimulation in chronic pharyngeal dysphagia: that stimulation (1) lowered the hyoid bone and/or larynx when applied at rest, and (2) increased aspiration, penetration, or pharyngeal pooling during swallowing. Bipolar surface electrodes were placed on the skin overlying the submandibular and laryngeal regions. Maximum tolerated levels of stimulation were applied while patients held their mouth closed at rest. Videofluoroscopic recordings were… CONTINUE READING
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