Effects of Stimulus Characteristics and Background Music on Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning and Forgetting

  title={Effects of Stimulus Characteristics and Background Music on Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning and Forgetting},
  author={Annette M.B. de Groot},
  journal={Language Learning},
This study examined the effects of three stimulus variables and background music on paired-associate learning of foreign language (FL) vocabulary. The stimulus variables were the frequency and concreteness of the native language (L1) words and the (phonotactical) typicality of the FL words. Sixty-four L1-FL pairs were presented for learning six times, followed by a recall test after the second, fourth, and sixth learning round. A fourth recall test took place 1 week later. Typical FL words, FL… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Effects of Use of Learning Strategies Training on Students Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning
ABSTRACT: Foreign language vocabulary learning, in this case is English, is not the same as memorizing words in the context of serial lists. To master a foreign language, words must be recalled andExpand
Participants learned foreign vocabulary by means of the paired-associates learning procedure in three conditions: (a) in silence, (b) with vocal music with lyrics in a familiar language playing inExpand
A Short-Term but No Long-Term Detrimental Effect of Vocal Background Music with Familiar Language Lyrics on Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning
Participants learned foreign vocabulary by means of the pairedassociates learning procedure in three conditions: (a) in silence, (b) with vocal music with lyrics in a familiar language playing in theExpand
Word Difficulty and Learning among Native Arabic Learners of EFL.
This study investigates word difficulty and learning among learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) in Saudi Arabia. Difficulty factors examined in the study include repetition of words inExpand
The efficacy of singing in foreign-language learning
This study extends the popular notion that memory for text can be supported by song to foreign-language learning. Singing can be intrinsically motivating, attention focusing, and simply enjoyable forExpand
What Strategies do Learners Use to Remember the Spelling of Newly Learned Words
Many studies suggest that a native language (L1) may influence the second language acquisition (L2). This study is interested in the possible impact of L1 orthography on the choice of spellingExpand
The Effect of Background Music on Vocabulary Recall and Retention of Children Learning English as A Foreign Language
The present research was done in order to examine whether addition of background music in the classroom would have any effect on Iranian children’ vocabulary recall and retention. The participantsExpand
Retention in Meaning-Based Vocabulary Instruction
Vocabulary knowledge is said to play a prominent role in learning a foreign language (Schmitt 2008). There has been considerable debate about the most effective ways for developing learners’Expand
Enhanced Second Language Vocabulary Learning Through Phonological Specificity Training in Adolescents
This longitudinal randomized trial study investigated the effects of phonological specificity training on second language (L2) vocabulary learning. Eighty-six Dutch secondary-school studentsExpand
Bilingualism and Inhibitory Control Influence Statistical Learning of Novel Word Forms
The ability to extract novel words from continuous speech is a skill that is affected both by linguistic factors, such as bilingual experience, and by cognitive abilities,such as inhibitory control, which suggest that bilingual experience can improve word learning when interference from other languages is low. Expand


Effects of learning method and word type on acquiring vocabulary in an unfamiliar language
This study examined the roles of learning method, word frequency, and cognate status in the learning of 80 Italian words by 56 adult Dutch learners previously unfamiliar with Italian. We contrasted 2Expand
Phonological short-term memory and foreign-language vocabulary learning☆
Abstract Data from foreign language vocabulary learning in a short-term memory patient, and native language vocabulary learning in children suggest that the short-term phonological store plays anExpand
What Is Hard To Learn Is Easy To Forget: The Roles of Word Concreteness, Cognate Status, and Word Frequency in Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning and Forgetting.
We looked at foreign-language (FL) vocabulary learning and forgetting in experienced FL learners, using a paired-associate training technique in which native-language words were paired withExpand
Learning and recall of foreign-language vocabulary: Effects of a keyword strategy for immediate and delayed recall
Abstract Doubts have been raised about the effectiveness of training in the use of the keyword method for vocabulary acquisition by students who are experienced in learning a foreign language. It hasExpand
Keyword Mnemonics Versus Rote Rehearsal: Learning Concrete and Abstract Foreign Words by Experienced and Inexperienced Learners
We examined the efficacy of the keyword method vs. rote rehearsal in learning foreign language vocabulary in 2 studies. In Experiment 1, 36 experienced Dutch learners of foreign languages, naive withExpand
Psycholinguistic Determinants of Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning
This paper reviews the psycholinguistic factors that affect ease of learning of foreign language (FL) vocabulary and investigates their role in 47 students’ learning of German under Repetition,Expand
Nonword Span as a Unique Predictor of Second-Language Vocabulary Learning.
This study attempts to extend the relationship between phonological memory and word acquisition to the experimental learning of second-language vocabulary. Nonword span was used to measureExpand
What Causes Avoidance in L2 Learning
Among the structural and lexical factors claimed to account for avoidance in second language learning are (a) cross-linguistic difference, (b) cross-linguistic similarity, and (c) intrinsicExpand
Phonological Short-term Memory and Foreign Language Learning
This study investigated links between short-term memory skills and children’s abilities to learn the vocabulary of a foreign language taught in school. Forty-® ve Greek children who were learningExpand
A factor-analytic study of word attributes and verbal learning.
Data from groups of S s were used to scale 96 nouns on 30 variables, including scores on free recall and paired-associate (PA) learning, and various semantic and associative attributes thought to beExpand