Effects of Stimulus Characteristics and Background Music on Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning and Forgetting

@article{Groot2006EffectsOS,
  title={Effects of Stimulus Characteristics and Background Music on Foreign Language Vocabulary Learning and Forgetting},
  author={A. D. Groot},
  journal={Language Learning},
  year={2006},
  volume={56},
  pages={463-506}
}
This study examined the effects of three stimulus variables and background music on paired-associate learning of foreign language (FL) vocabulary. The stimulus variables were the frequency and concreteness of the native language (L1) words and the (phonotactical) typicality of the FL words. Sixty-four L1-FL pairs were presented for learning six times, followed by a recall test after the second, fourth, and sixth learning round. A fourth recall test took place 1 week later. Typical FL words, FL… Expand

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