Unidirectional Na fluxes from frog's striated muscle were measured in the presence of 0 to 5 mM sodium azide. With azide concentrations of 2 and 5 mM the Na efflux was markedly stimulated; the Na efflux with 5 mM azide was about 300 per cent greater than normal. A similar increase was present when all but the 5.0 mM sodium added with azide was replaced by choline. 10(-5)M strophanthidin abolished the azide effect on Na(24) efflux. Concentrations of azide of 1.0 mM or less had no effect on Na efflux. The Na influx, on the other hand, was only increased by 41 per cent in the presence of 5 mM NaN(3). From these findings it is concluded that the active transport of Na is stimulated by the higher concentrations of azide. The hypothesis is advanced that the active transport of Na is controlled by the transmembrane potential and that the stimulation of Na efflux is produced as a consequence of the membrane depolarization caused by the azide.