Consequences of sleep deprivation on neurotransmitter receptor expression and function.
Central administration of ACTH in rats induces yawning and stretching. In order to study the effects of REM sleep deprivation on ACTH-induced yawning, the peptide was injected immediately after the REM sleep deprivation period or 24 h later. REM sleep deprivation impaired ACTH-induced yawning, but after a 24-hour recovery period, rats displayed a number of yawns similar to those in control animals. Implications for an involvement of dopaminergic and mainly cholinergic systems are discussed.