Effects of Quinine, Quinidine, and Chloroquine on α9α10 Nicotinic Cholinergic Receptors

@article{Ballestero2005EffectsOQ,
  title={Effects of Quinine, Quinidine, and Chloroquine on $\alpha$9$\alpha$10 Nicotinic Cholinergic Receptors},
  author={Jimena A. Ballestero and Paola V. Plazas and Sebastian Kracun and Mar{\'i}a Eugenia G{\'o}mez-Casati and Julian Taranda and Carla V. Rothlin and Eleonora Katz and Neil S Millar and Ana Bel{\'e}n Elgoyhen},
  journal={Molecular Pharmacology},
  year={2005},
  volume={68},
  pages={822 - 829}
}
In this study, we report the effects of the quinoline derivatives quinine, its optical isomer quinidine, and chloroquine on α9α10-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). The compounds blocked acetylcholine (ACh)-evoked responses in α9α10-injected Xenopus laevis oocytes in a concentration-dependent manner, with a rank order of potency of chloroquine (IC50 = 0.39 μM) > quinine (IC50 = 0.97 μM) ∼ quinidine (IC50 = 1.37 μM). Moreover, chloroquine blocked ACh-evoked responses on rat… 

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