Effects of Pollution from the Torrey Canyon on Littoral and Sublittoral Ecosystems

  title={Effects of Pollution from the Torrey Canyon on Littoral and Sublittoral Ecosystems},
  author={David J. Bellamy and P. H. Clarke and David M. John and D. J. Jones and Alan Whittick and Tomie Darke},
Pollution from oil and detergent deposited on the beaches of Devon and Cornwall after the grounding of the Torrey Canyon on March 18, 1967, has altered the balance of littoral and sublittoral ecosystems at two sites. This effect is most marked on the littoral zone, and falls off below the low water mark. 
The Santa Barbara oil spill Part 2: Initial effects on intertidal and kelp bed organisms
Abstract The initial effects of the Santa Barbara oil spill on intertidal and kelp bed organisms were studied. Based on earlier surveys, the greatest negative biological change at a sample stationExpand
A study of the intertidal macrofauna around the BP refinery (Kent) limited
Abstract A study of the species composition and seasonal quantitative estimates of the mud flat fauna of the lower Medway estuary revealed the complete absence of bivalves and a reduction in theExpand
The Impact of Anthropogenic Activities on the Coastal Wetlands of the North Sea
The North Sea is surrounded by one of the most industrialized areas of the world. The industrial activities and harbor facilities are mainly found along the mouths of the major rivers flowing intoExpand
An assessment of possible pollution effects over a century on the benthic marine algae of Co. Durham, England
It appears that pollution has only a minimal effect on species diversity on open coasts where there is good water circulation, and there has been only an estimated 16.6% reduction in common species over the past century. Expand
The effect of oil pollution on survival of the tidal pool copepod, Tigriopus californicus
It was concluded that death resulted because the oil acts as a barrier to oxygen transfer between air and water, and because it contains substances toxic to Tigriopus. Expand
The kelp forest ecosystem at Petticoe Wick Bay lat 55 55’N. Long 2 09’W: an ecological study
The sub littoral vegetation at Petticoe Wick Bay Lat 55 55'N. Long 2 09'W. is described using two methods; a classificatory one (of the Zurich-Montpelier School of Phytosociology) and anExpand
Ecological studies of the kelp, Laminaria hyperborea, and its associated fauna in South-West Ireland
Both the density and mean fresh mass of kelp plants are reduced with increasing depth and the rate of decrease in these parameters with depth is greater at sites further from the open sea, while the species diversity of holdfast communities is reduced at more turbid sites where the holdfast fauna is dominated by suspension feeders. Expand
Effects of Experimental Releases of Oil and Dispersed Oil on Arctic Nearshore Macrobenthos. II. Epibenthos.
Analysis of data from in situ counts in the three test bays and in a fourth bay during the open water seasons of 1980-83 showed that densities of the starfish Leptasterias polaris were not affected by either oil release and that effects on urchin densities were minor or transitory; the overall trend was toward increases in epibenthic crustacean densities over the study period. Expand
Community-based tarball monitoring in the Maldives
Monitoring oil pollution by using students to count tarballs on beaches. Samples were taken between 2006 and 2010; a significant relationship was demonstrated between the abundance of tarballs andExpand


The Torrey Canyon Disaster and Intertidal Marine Life
On March 18, 1967, the tanker Torrey Canyon ran aground on the Seven Stones reef off Land's End. At least 60,000 tons of crude oil has since been released. In mopping up, large quantities ofExpand
Oil Pollution of Marine Organisms
ALTHOUGH much publicity has been given to the harmful effects of oil on bird life, little evidence is available to show how marine organisms are influenced by oil pollution. Recent accidentsExpand
Brain and Hormones
NeuroendocrinologyEdited by Luciano Martini and William F. Ganong. Vol. 1. Pp. xx + 774. (New York: Academic Press, Inc.; London: Academic Press, Inc. (London), Ltd., 1966.) 260s.