Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Judgments of Truth

@article{Reber1999EffectsOP,
  title={Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Judgments of Truth},
  author={Rolf Reber and Norbert Schwarz},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  year={1999},
  volume={8},
  pages={338-342}
}
  • R. ReberN. Schwarz
  • Published 1 September 1999
  • Psychology, Philosophy
  • Consciousness and Cognition
Statements of the form "Osorno is in Chile" were presented in colors that made them easy or difficult to read against a white background and participants judged the truth of the statement. Moderately visible statements were judged as true at chance level, whereas highly visible statements were judged as true significantly above chance level. We conclude that perceptual fluency affects judgments of truth. 

Tables from this paper

Truth is in the mind, but beauty is in the eye: Fluency effects are moderated by a match between fluency source and judgment dimension.

A fluency-specificity hypothesis is proposed according to which conceptual fluency is more informative for content-related judgments, but perceptual fluency has an impact on outcomes as diverse as liking for a stimulus or the subjective validity of a statement.

Reversing the truth effect: learning the interpretation of processing fluency in judgments of truth.

  • C. Unkelbach
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2007
The author proposes that fluency is used in truth judgments according to its ecological validity, and it is shown that repetition leads to greater experienced processing fluency.

Judging the Truth-Value of a Statement In and Out of a Deep Processing Context

Individuals judge fluently processed statements truer than disfluent statements, which reflects an illusion of truth. A dual-processing approach to the truth effect suggests that cognitive resources

The Virtues of Opaque Prose: How Lay Beliefs About Fluency Influence Perceptions of Quality

Instructors tell their students to write clearly. This prescription meshes with our intuition, wins confirmation in scores of books on writing, and finds empirical confirmation in research on

The Epistemic Status of Processing Fluency as Source for Judgments of Truth

This article combines findings from cognitive psychology on the role of processing fluency in truth judgments with epistemological theory on justification of belief to show that fluency is a reliable cue to truth.

Easy does it: The role of fluency in cue weighting

We propose that people weight fluent, or easy to process, information more heavily than disfluent information when making judgments. Cue fluency was manipulated independent of objective cue validity
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES

Dissociation of processes in belief: Source recollection, statement familiarity, and the illusion of truth

This article reports 4 experiments concerning the effect of repetition on rated truth (the illusory truth effect). Statements were paired with differentially credible sources (true vs. false). Old

The generality of the relation between familiarity and judged validity.

Using factual information of uncertain truth value as the stimulus material, previous investigators have found that repeated statements are rated more valid than non-repeated statements. Experiments

An illusion of memory: false recognition influenced by unconscious perception

The results of two experiments showed that an illusion of memory can be produced by unconscious perception. In a first phase of those experiments, a long list of words was presented for study. For

On the relationship between autobiographical memory and perceptual learning.

The experiments that are reported were designed to explore the relationship between the more aware autobiographical form of memory that is measured by a recognition memory test and the less aware form ofMemory that is expressed in perceptual learning.

How do we know that we know? The accessibility model of the feeling of knowing.

The present work examined the question of FOK accuracy, the links between memory strength, accessibility of correct and incorrect information about the target, FOK judgments, and recognition memory within a unified model, with the aim of demystifying the FOK phenomenon.

Episodic and lexical contributions to the repetition effect in word identification.

The results of the experiments suggest separate contributions of lexical status and presentations to the repetition effect, and a model was developed that outlines the relative contributions of episodic traces for particular events, and of uriitized representations of words in semantic memory, to the repeats in word and nonword identification.

PsyScope: An interactive graphic system for designing and controlling experiments in the psychology laboratory using Macintosh computers

The overall organization of the PsyScope program is described, an example of how a simple experiment can be constructed within its graphic environment is provided, and some of its technical features are discussed.