Effects of Part-Set Cuing on Experienced and Novice Chess Players' Reconstruction of a Typical Chess Midgame Position

  title={Effects of Part-Set Cuing on Experienced and Novice Chess Players' Reconstruction of a Typical Chess Midgame Position},
  author={Kenneth Graham Drinkwater and Neil Dagnall and Andrew Parker},
  journal={Perceptual and Motor Skills},
  pages={645 - 653}
A typical midgame chess position was presented to participants for 30 sec. Participants then reconstructed the presented position on a second board from memory. Following a brief distraction phase, participants were asked to reconstruct the position a second time with 0, 6, or 12 of the original pieces present. It was hypothesized that cue presentation during second reconstruction would be more disruptive to experienced players' recall than to novices'. Recall was measured in terms of correct… 

Tables from this paper

Spatial part-set cuing facilitation

Results from two experiments showed that part-set cuing facilitation only occurred when the stimuli were explicitly connected; there was no influence of cuing with unconnected stimuli, potentially consistent with the retrieval strategy disruption hypothesis, as well as the two- and three-mechanism accounts of part- set cuing.

Examining the influence of part-set cues on memory for chess positions

1. Showing participants densely placed chunks and giving participants cues will facilitate spatial memory recall. Cues facilitate memory recall because their strategy is consist with the cues. 2.

The Effects of Part-Set Cuing on the Recall of General Knowledge Information

Three experiments were conducted to investigate whether part-set cuing effects generalize to an educational style learning and assessment task. Mnemonic performance was assessed in terms of overall

On the composition of part-set cues

The results suggest that the presence or absence of part-set cueing impairment can be influenced by the specific composition of the cue set.

The influence of the number of part-set cues on order retention

The present article examined the influence of the number of part-set cues on order retention, as assessed by both reconstruction of order and serial recall tests, and results were largely consistent with predictions of the retrieval strategy disruption hypothesis, as well as with an anchoring account of parts-set cueing for order.

Social collaboration, inhibition and context.

Individuals who encoded individually and recalled as a pair forgot more items than those who encoded and recalled individually, and there was no evidence of collaborative facilitation.

Don’t Remind Me: Part-set Cuing Inhibits Consumers Prospective Memory When Reviewing Home Loan Terms

Three experiments examined whether part-set cuing effects might impair consumers’ abilities to remember to check loan attributes on a home-loan disclosure form. In part-set cuing effects, memory is

Revisiting the multi-mechanism hypothesis of part-list cuing: the role of list-length and item presentation time

ABSTRACT When defining the associative encoding, the multi-mechanism hypothesis of part-list cuing does not heed the effect of list length and item presentation time. Through four experiments, this

Quality of concept maps is affected by map building strategies

It is suggested that the quality of students' concept maps depends considerably on the strategy used to build it, and point to the supplementary role that the physical working space of the concept‐mapping exercise offers to students' own working memory as a possible explanation for these quality differences.



Recall of random and distorted chess positions: Implications for the theory of expertise

This paper explores the question, important to the theory of expert performance, of the nature and number of chunks that chess experts hold in memory. It examines how memory contents determine

Congruency effects in part-list cuing inhibition.

It is proposed that part-list inhibition is governed in part by an incongruency principle: Inhibition occurs to the extent that part oflist cues induce a retrieval framework different from that used to encode list items.

Setting boundary conditions on the part-set cuing effect

The effects of part-set cues were compared in free-recall and nonfree-recall retention tasks. During word presentation in Experiment 1, subjects read or completed fragments of list members. Output

Theories of chess skill

SummaryThe paper reviews the evidence for and against the recognition-association theory and a forward-search (SEEK) theory of chess skill. The recognition-association theory appears to be founded on

Retrieval inhibition from part-set cuing: A persisting enigma in memory research

This paper reviews the studies that have yielded the effect of having available a subset of the items as cues, and considers several explanations of it that have been proposed.

Generation and hypermnesia.

  • N. Mulligan
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2001
The multifactor account of the generation effect makes detailed predictions about the effects of generation on item-specific and relational encoding, predictions confirmed in four experiments using a

Inhibiting effects of recall

It is argued that consideration of output interference may provide a helpful perspective in resolving problems in the study of episodic and semantic memory, including the negative effects of part-list cueing and the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon.