Effects of Nutrient Replacement on Benthic Macroinvertebrates in an Ultraoligotrophic Reach of the Kootenai River, 2003–2010

@inproceedings{Minshall2014EffectsON,
  title={Effects of Nutrient Replacement on Benthic Macroinvertebrates in an Ultraoligotrophic Reach of the Kootenai River, 2003–2010},
  author={G. Wayne Minshall and Bahman Shafii and William J. Price and Charlie Holderman and Paul J. Anders and Gary T. Lester and Pat Barrett},
  booktitle={Freshwater Science},
  year={2014}
}
Abstract: Large impoundments remove substantial amounts of sediment and nutrients from rivers and often limit production by downstream primary producers and secondary consumers. Nutrient levels and macroinvertebrate and fish abundance in the lower Kootenai River (7th order, mean annual discharge = 454 m3/s) in Idaho and Montana declined dramatically after Libby Dam was built in 1972. A subsequent study implicated ultraoligotrophic conditions (total dissolved P [TDP] ≤ 2 µg/L TDP) as a… Expand
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