Effects of Nitrogen Application on Nitrogen Fixation in Common Bean Production

  title={Effects of Nitrogen Application on Nitrogen Fixation in Common Bean Production},
  author={Yarmilla Reinprecht and Lyndsay J. Schram and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Marsolais and Thomas H. Smith and Brett R. Hill and Karl Peter Pauls},
  journal={Frontiers in Plant Science},
The nitrogen fixing ability of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in association with rhizobia is often characterized as poor compared to other legumes, and nitrogen fertilizers are commonly used in bean production to achieve high yields, which in general inhibits nitrogen fixation. In addition, plants cannot take up all the nitrogen applied to the soil as a fertilizer leading to runoff and groundwater contamination. The overall objective of this work is to reduce use of nitrogen fertilizer in… Expand
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The effect of mineral fertilizers on the yield of vegetable beans, depending on the competition between plants in crops
It was found that although increased nitrogen doses significantly reduce the competitive mutual inhibition of plants, it begins earlier than with a low nitrogen nutrition level, and the nitrogen fertilizers rational use leads to a more complete phenotypic manifestation of the vegetable beans genetically determined productivity. Expand
Nitrogen Fertilization Management with Blends of Controlled-Release and Conventional Urea Affects Common Bean Growth and Yield during Mild Winters in Brazil
The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) requires nitrogen (N) during its vegetative and reproductive stages. A single application of a blend of polymer-sulfur coated urea (PSCU) and conventional ureaExpand
Genetic Diversity, Nitrogen Fixation, and Water Use Efficiency in a Panel of Honduran Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Landraces and Modern Genotypes
Landraces had above average SNF capacity, conventional varieties showed higher yields, and PPB varieties performed well for WUE, and significant differences were found between varieties and breeding categories for agronomic traits, SNF, and WUE. Expand
Fe3O4 nanoparticles and Rhizobium inoculation enhance nodulation, nitrogen fixation and growth of common bean plants grown in soil
Abstract The effects of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) and Rhizobium inoculation on nodulation, nitrogen fixation and plant growth of common bean (cv. Red Guama, Phaseolus vulgaris) plants wereExpand
Response of Sugarcane Rhizosphere Bacterial Community to Drought Stress
Drought stress treatment and normal irrigation treatment on three sugarcane varieties GT21, GT31, and GT42 widely cultivated in Guangxi provide a scientific basis for rhizosphere microorganisms to assist host plants to improve drought adaptability. Expand
Enrichment of Restraint to Endmost Salinity and Outmost pH Circumstance in Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Nodulating Rhizobial Isolates from Eastern Hararghe Lowlands around Babile, Eastern Ethiopia, through Mutagenesis.
Based on their restraint to utmost conditions and symbiotic efficacy, wild and mutant rhizobia isolates were suggested as nominees for the future development of common bean biofertilizer that grown under endmost saline and outmost pH conditions. Expand


Response to selection for improved nitrogen fixation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)
No significant correlation between SNF and seed yield indicated that selection for high SNF does not necessarily lead to greater seed yield and that selectionFor both traits should be performed simultaneously. Expand
Agronomic Performance and Nitrogen Fixation of Heirloom and Conventional Dry Bean Varieties Under Low-Nitrogen Field Conditions
Heirloom genotypes represent a useful source of genetics to improve SNF in modern bean breeding and were compared to collections of heirloom varieties with and conventionally bred dry bean varieties. Expand
Response of Snap Bean Cultivars to Rhizobium Inoculation under Dryland Agriculture in Ethiopia
It is concluded that N2 fixation achieved through rhizobial inoculation can support the production of snap bean under rain fed conditions in Ethiopia. Expand
Nitrogen use efficiency of irrigated dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes in southern Alberta
Nine genotypes were identified, including five germplasm lines (PI 136692, GH-196, UNS-117, UI-239, and LEF2RB) and four cultivars (Othello, Viva, AC Redbond, and Island), that were both N-efficient (at 30N) and N-responsive (to 100N). Expand
Phenotypic evaluation and QTL analysis of yield and symbiotic nitrogen fixation in a common bean population grown with two levels of phosphorus supply
Investigation of SNF and soil N uptake under low P stress showed reduced seed nitrogen levels and major variation in soil-derived N, indicating that under stress SNF becomes an important asset. Expand
Growth and Nitrogen Fixation in High‐Yielding Soybean: Impact of Nitrogen Fertilization
In high-yielding soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] environments, N uptake during seed-filling may be constrained when the late-season decline in biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) is coupled withExpand
Agricultural management of grain legumes: has it led to an increase in nitrogen fixation?
Biological nitrogen (N2) fixation is an important aspect of sustainable and environmentally friendly food production and long-term crop productivity. The amount of N2 fixed is primarily controlled byExpand
Low nitrogen fixation of common bean (phaseolus vulgaris L.)
Abstract Nitrogen fixation activity in legumes varies among species and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is known to exhibit a lower ability to fix nitrogen than other legumes such as soybeanExpand
Evaluation of beneficial and inhibitory effects of nitrate on nodulation and nitrogen fixation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)
The effects of applied nitrate on symbiotic nitrogen fixation in legumes are complex. Both inhibition and promotion of nodulation by nitrate have been observed in a dose‐dependent manner. TheExpand
Biological nitrogen fixation by irrigated dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes
Dry bean genotypes germplasm lines PI 136692, GH-196, and LEF2RB had high BNF capability at flowering and maturity and especially at maturity, in addition to high seed yield, indicating their superior ability to support both of these economically important traits throughout plant growth. Expand