Effects of Micro-Enterprise Services on HIV Risk Behaviour Among Female Sex Workers in Kenya’s Urban Slums

  title={Effects of Micro-Enterprise Services on HIV Risk Behaviour Among Female Sex Workers in Kenya’s Urban Slums},
  author={Willis Omondi Odek and Joanna Busza and Chester N. Morris and John G.F. Cleland and Elizabeth N. Ngugi and Alan G. Ferguson},
  journal={AIDS and Behavior},
This study assessed individual-level effects of adding micro-enterprise services to a peer-mediated HIV/AIDS intervention among 227 female sex workers (FSWs) in Kenya. Survey data were collected in May–July 2003 and July–August 2005. Two-thirds of participants had operational businesses by end-line survey. Nearly half reported to have stopped sex work. Self-reported weekly mean number of all sexual partners changed from 3.26 (SD 2.45) at baseline to 1.84 (SD 2.15) at end-line survey (P < 0.001… 
Micro-level social and structural factors act synergistically to increase HIV risk among Nepalese female sex workers.
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Sex workers and sex work differ from one place to another and so a single model for STD control is inappropriate, and occupational health risks suggest a general need for specialist services.
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A cohort of 418 lower socioeconomic strata prostitutes enrolled in a study of the epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases between January and April 1985 found that oral contraceptives may increase susceptibility to HIV or may be a marker for other factors which increase risk of acquisition.
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