Effects of Low‐Intensity Walk Training With Restricted Leg Blood Flow on Muscle Strength and Aerobic Capacity in Older Adults

@article{Abe2010EffectsOL,
  title={Effects of Low‐Intensity Walk Training With Restricted Leg Blood Flow on Muscle Strength and Aerobic Capacity in Older Adults},
  author={Takashi Abe and Mikako Sakamaki and Satoshi Fujita and Hayao Ozaki and Masato Sugaya and Yoshiaki Sato and Toshiaki Nakajima},
  journal={Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy},
  year={2010},
  volume={33},
  pages={34–40}
}
PurposeSlow-walk training combined with restricted leg muscular blood flow (KAATSU) produces muscle hypertrophy and strength gains in young men, which may lead to increased aerobic capacity and functional fitness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of walk training combined with KAATSU on muscle size, strength, and functional ability, as well as aerobic capacity, in older participants. MethodsA total of 19 active men and women, aged 60 to 78 years, were randomized into… 
Increases in thigh muscle volume and strength by walk training with leg blood flow reduction in older participants.
  • H. Ozaki, M. Sakamaki, T. Abe
  • Medicine
    The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
  • 2011
TLDR
In conclusion, BFR walk training improves both muscle volume and strength in older women.
Effects of 10 Weeks Walk Training With Leg Blood Flow Reduction on Carotid Arterial Compliance and Muscle Size in the Elderly Adults
TLDR
Walk training with blood flow reduction can improve thigh muscle size/strength as well as carotid arterial compliance, unlike high-intensity training, in the elderly.
Effects of Low-Intensity Cycle Training with Restricted Leg Blood Flow on Thigh Muscle Volume and VO2MAX in Young Men.
TLDR
The results suggest that low-intensity, short-duration cycling exercise combined with BFR improves both muscle hypertrophy and aerobic capacity concurrently in young men.
Legs and trunk muscle hypertrophy following walk training with restricted leg muscle blood flow.
TLDR
The results suggest that the combination of leg muscle blood flow restriction with slow walk training elicits hypertrophy only in the distal blood flow restricted leg muscles, and exercise intensity may be too low during BFR walk training to increase muscle mass in the non-blood flow restricted muscles.
Effect of Combined Increased Physical Activity and Walking with Blood Flow Restriction on Leg Muscle Thickness in Older Adults
TLDR
Walking and stair-climbing training can increase MT of the PT and PL, and improve walking performance in older adults, whereas a BFR-walk once or twice a wk may not produce additional training effects.
Effect of Long-Term Training Program Combining Increased Physical Activity and Walking with Blood Flow Restriction on Locomotive Syndrome in the Elderly
TLDR
Long-term walking and stair-climbing training programs did not improve the outcomes of locomotive syndrome risk test in physically active elderly subjects.
Chronic effectiveness of walking with blood flow restriction on the activation and strength in osteoporotic older women: A randomized clinical trial
TLDR
Low–intensity walk combined with BFR does not provide relevant chronic effects on strength gain or even limit muscle strength gain, however, due to greater activation of knee extensors over 24 weeks, it is possible to benefit from the use of similar strategies to obtain neuromuscular gains in the long-term for elderly women with osteopenia and osteoporosis.
Effects of Blood Flow Restriction and Exercise Intensity on Aerobic, Anaerobic, and Muscle Strength Adaptations in Physically Active Collegiate Women
TLDR
In summary, participants with complete occlusion experienced the greatest improvements in muscle strength, aerobic, and anaerobic parameters possibly due to increased oxygen deficiency and higher metabolic stress.
Short‐term low‐intensity blood flow restricted interval training improves both aerobic fitness and muscle strength
TLDR
The advantage of short‐term low‐intensity interval BFR training is demonstrated as the single mode of training able to simultaneously improve aerobic fitness and muscular strength.
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