Effects of Ips typographus (L.) damage on litter quality and decomposition rates of Oriental Spruce [Picea Orientalis (L.) Link.] in Hatila Valley National Park, Turkey

This study investigated the effects of Ips typographus (L.) damage on initial litter quality parameters and subsequent decomposition rates of oriental spruce tree species [Picea orientalis (L.) Link]. The needle litter was collected from highly damaged, moderately damaged and control stands on two aspects (north and south) and two slope position (top and… (More)