Effects of Explicit Teaching and Peer Tutoring on the Reading Achievement of Learning-Disabled and Low-Performing Students in Regular Classrooms

@article{Simmons1995EffectsOE,
  title={Effects of Explicit Teaching and Peer Tutoring on the Reading Achievement of Learning-Disabled and Low-Performing Students in Regular Classrooms},
  author={Deborah C. Simmons and Lynn S. Fuchs and Douglas Fuchs and Patricia G. Mathes and Janie Hodge},
  journal={The Elementary School Journal},
  year={1995},
  volume={95},
  pages={387 - 408}
}
We examined the effects of explicit teaching and peer tutoring on the reading achievement of students with learning disabilities (LD) and non-disabled, low-performing readers (LP) in academically integrated general education classrooms. 24 general education teachers in grades 2-5, 44 LD students, and 24 LP students participated in the 16-week mainstream classroom-based study. 16 experimental teachers were assigned randomly to explicit teaching (ET) or explicit teaching plus peer tutoring (ET… 

The Effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring on the Reading Achievement of Urban Middle School Students

This study investigated the effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring (CWPT) on the reading skills of urban middle-school students using novels as the curriculum. Teacher-led instruction was compared with

Content Area Learning in Middle School Social Studies Classrooms and Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders: A Comparison of Strategies

This study investigated the use of integrated explicit strategy instruction in social studies classes using a peer tutoring format. Thirty students attending social studies classes in a middle school

Effective Strategies for General and Special Education Teachers

Today’s teachers are asked to educate ALL students using research-based strategies in inclusive classrooms. The following review will include three research based instructional strategies and one

Fostering Reading Comprehension in Fifth Grade by Explicit Instruction in Reading Strategies and Peer Tutoring.

Background: Research reveals that explicit reading strategies instruction and engaging students in interaction about texts promote students' reading comprehension ability. The present intervention

Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies for English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities

This study assessed the effects of Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), a reciprocal classwide peer-tutoring strategy, on the reading performance of native Spanish-speaking students with

Fostering reading comprehension in fifth grade by explicit instruction in reading strategies and peer tutoring.

  • H. Van Keer
  • Education
    The British journal of educational psychology
  • 2004
TLDR
The study corroborated the efficacy of the STRAT and STRAT + CA conditions' interventions as feasible tools to enhance fifth graders' reading comprehension achievement.

The Effect of Peer Tutoring and Explicit Instructional Strategies on Primary School Pupils Learning Outcomes in Mathematics

The study investigated the effect of explicit and peer tutoring instructional strategies (treatment), pupils ability and gender on learning outcomes in primary school Mathematics. Data analysis

The Effects of an After-School Tutoring Program on the Academic Performance of At-Risk Students and Students with LD

Improving the educational outcomes for students who are at risk for academic failure is an important issue for educators and policymakers. Recently, before- and after-school tutoring programs have

Effect of Peer Tutoring on Academic Achievement of Low Achievers in Keyboarding In Secondary Schools in Anambra State

The study determined the effect of peer tutoring on academic achievement of low achievers in keyboarding in secondary schools in Anambra State. Two research questions guided the study and two null

Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies for First-Grade Readers: A Tool for Preventing Early Reading Failure

This article details Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies for First-Grade Readers (First-Grade PALS), a type of Classwide Peer Tutoring designed specifically to help general education teachers prevent,
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES

Teacher Effectiveness in Special Education Programs

The instructional behavior of teachers of mildly retarded (EMR) and learning-disabled (LD) elementary-aged students was used to predict reading achievement gain. Teachers were observed for five

The Relationship between Explicit Verbal Explanations during Reading Skill Instruction and Student Awareness and Achievement: A Study of Reading Teacher Effects.

PREVIOUS RESEARCH has established that good readers, in contrast to poor readers, are aware of how to use reading comprehension strategies, and that an adjunct curriculum in how to use such

Reading Instruction and Its Effects

Reading instruction and its effects were examined for 105 students in elementary classrooms for the learning-disabled. Extensive detailed observations of students, teachers, and instructional

School Response to Reading Failure: Instruction for Chapter 1 and Special Education Students in Grades Two, Four, and Eight

A study of 64 students in grades 2, 4, and 8 indicated that students identified as disadvantaged and participating in Chapter 1 received significantly more reading/language arts instruction in their

Reverse-Role Tutoring: The Effects of Handicapped Students Tutoring Regular Class Students

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of having handicapped students tutor younger, nonhandicapped children in reading. Included in the study were 78 fourth- through sixth-grade

Classwide Peer Tutoring

TLDR
Twelve years of data indicate that at risk students and students with disabilities in programs using CWPT acquired literacy skills at a faster rate, retain more, and made greater advances in social competency than with a variety of standard instructional methods.

Reciprocal Teaching of Comprehension-Fostering and Comprehension-Monitoring Activities

Two instructional studies directed at the comprehension-fostering and comprehension-monitoring activities of seventh grade poor comprehenders are reported. The four study activities were summarizing

Monitoring Reading Growth Using Student Recalls: Effects of Two Teacher Feedback Systems

AbstractThe purpose of this study was to compare two types of teacher feedback, using an ongoing measurement system that involved students’ performance on a reading recall task. Twenty-two teachers

The Missouri Mathematics Effectiveness Project: An experimental study in fourth-grade classrooms.

The study investigated the effectiveness of an experimental mathematics teaching program. The treatment program was primarily based upon a large, naturalistic study of relatively effective

A Conservative Approach to Special Education Reform: Mainstreaming Through Transenvironmental Programming and Curriculum-Based Measurement

TLDR
Time-series analysis revealed that experimental students’ improved performance occurred only in special education; once in the mainstream, their progress ceased, and implications for educational policy are discussed.
...