Effects of Choir Singing or Listening on Secretory Immunoglobulin A, Cortisol, and Emotional State

  title={Effects of Choir Singing or Listening on Secretory Immunoglobulin A, Cortisol, and Emotional State},
  author={Gunter Kreutz and Stephan Bongard and Sonja Rohrmann and Volker Hodapp and Dorothee Grebe},
  journal={Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
The present study investigates the effects of choir music on secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA), cortisol, and emotional states in members of a mixed amateur choir. Subjects participated in two conditions during two rehearsals 1 week apart, namely singing versus listening to choral music. Saliva samples and subjective measures of affect were taken both before each session and 60 min later. Repeated measure analyses of variance were conducted for positive and negative affect scores, S-IgA, and… 

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