Effects of Androgenic-Anabolic Steroids in Athletes

@article{Hartgens2004EffectsOA,
  title={Effects of Androgenic-Anabolic Steroids in Athletes},
  author={Fred Hartgens and H. P. Kuipers},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={34},
  pages={513-554}
}
Androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone. They can exert strong effects on the human body that may be beneficial for athletic performance. A review of the literature revealed that most laboratory studies did not investigate the actual doses of AAS currently abused in the field. Therefore, those studies may not reflect the actual (adverse) effects of steroids. The available scientific literature describes that short-term administration of… Expand
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