Effects of Androgenic-Anabolic Steroids in Athletes

@article{Hartgens2004EffectsOA,
  title={Effects of Androgenic-Anabolic Steroids in Athletes},
  author={Fred Hartgens and H. P. Kuipers},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={34},
  pages={513-554}
}
Androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone. They can exert strong effects on the human body that may be beneficial for athletic performance. A review of the literature revealed that most laboratory studies did not investigate the actual doses of AAS currently abused in the field. Therefore, those studies may not reflect the actual (adverse) effects of steroids. The available scientific literature describes that short-term administration of… 

The Use and Effect of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in Sports

The use of AAS, are directly linked to gains muscle mass, strength, as well several side effects, always assigned to abusive and indiscriminate doses, it is noteworthy that the scientific literature, still has a certain lack of studies, mainly randomized, controlled, with supraphysiological doses in human, so many effects are still unknown.

Anabolic androgenic steroids effects on the immune system: a review

Several common AAS have been shown to adversely influence lymphocyte differentiation and proliferation, antibody production, Natural Killer Cytotoxic activity and the production of certain cytokines, thereby altering the immune reaction.

Biochemistry and physiology of anabolic androgenic steroids doping.

Animal and human investigations support the hypothesis that the administration of AASs might increase lean body mass, muscle mass, and maximal voluntary strength especially in men, so that they would represent an appealing form of doping for increasing power capacity, sustaining intensive training periods and, last but not least, as a cosmetic muscle makeover.

Anabolic–Androgenic Steroids

The anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS) are a family of hormones that includes the natural male hormone, testosterone, together with a group of synthetic derivatives of testosterone that are widely abused by men to gain muscle mass and lose body fat.

Steroid Prohormones: Effects on Body Composition in Athletes

Androgenic-anabolic steroid hormones (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone and for many years have been popular among athletes both for performance enhancement, due to

Do anabolic-androgenic steroids have performance-enhancing effects in female athletes?

Effect of multiple oral doses of androgenic anabolic steroids on endurance performance and serum indices of physical stress in healthy male subjects

No effect of multiple oral doses of AAS on endurance performance or bioserum recovery markers was found and none of the measured biochemical variables showed significant impact of Aas on physical stress level.

The Effects of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids on Performance and its Adverse Side Effects in Athletes

Despite performance benefits, numerous side-effects of anabolic androgenic steroids such as; increased sexual drive, occurrence of acne, increased body hair, aggressive behavior, fluid retention, elevated blood pressure (BP), sleeplessness, increased irritability, feelings of low libido, increased appetite, enhanced transpiration, increased feeling of well-being and depressive mood states have been reported.

Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids and Cardiometabolic Derangements

A patient who has used the vast majority of common anabolic steroids over the past three decades is looked at and how these compounds may affect long-term metabolic and cardiovascular health.

Adverse health effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids.

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Anabolic steroids did not substantially change body composition or the objective power measurements used in this study, and the lack of significant results could not be attributed to dietary considerations.

Androgenic-Anabolic Steroid—Induced Body Changes in Strength Athletes

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Anabolic steroid abuse

Education alone is probably not the answer to stopping anabolic steroid abuse but is an essential first step in combating this problem, physicians should avoid condemning individuals who choose to use anabolic steroids and encourage discussion of use with their health providers.

"ANABOLIC" EFFECTS OF METHANDIENONE IN MEN UNDERGOING ATHLETIC TRAINING

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