Effects of Amount of Information on Judgment Accuracy and Confidence

  title={Effects of Amount of Information on Judgment Accuracy and Confidence},
  author={Claire I Tsai and Joshua Klayman and Reid Hastie},
  journal={Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes},
Title: Effects of amount of information on overconfidenceAuthors: Tsai, Claire; Klayman, Joshua; Hastie, ReidAffiliation: The University of ChicagoAbstract: When a person makes a judgment based on
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  • 2008
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This work critically examine information evaluation methods, arguing that they mask rather than effectively guide subjectivity in intelligence assessment, and proposes flexible ‘context-sensitive’ guidelines aimed at improving the soundness, precision, accuracy and clarity of irreducibly subjective judgments.
How Incidental Confidence Influences Self-Interested Behaviors? A Double-Edged Sword
It is well established that confidence is highly influential in judgment and decision making. The present research investigates the effect of incidental confidence on a variety of self-interested


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Although gender differences are fairly consistent when people report their general confidence, much less is known about such differences when individuals assess the degree of confidence they have in
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We investigate the relation between judgments of probability and preferences between bets. A series of experiments provides support for the competence hypothesis that people prefer betting on their
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Human reasoning is accompanied by meta-cognitive experiences, most notably the ease or difficulty of recall and thought generation and the fluency with which new information can be processed. These
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Three heuristics that are employed in making judgements under uncertainty are described: representativeness, availability of instances or scenarios, which is often employed when people are asked to assess the frequency of a class or the plausibility of a particular development.
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Abstract : Two groups of subjects assessed their confidence in the accuracy of their answers to 200 general-knowledge two-alternative items. One group was given short instructions and the other
The case for motivated reasoning.
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    Psychological bulletin
  • 1990
It is proposed that motivation may affect reasoning through reliance on a biased set of cognitive processes--that is, strategies for accessing, constructing, and evaluating beliefs--that are considered most likely to yield the desired conclusion.