Effects of Ambient Temperature on Egg and Larval Development of the Invasive Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): Implications for Laboratory Rearing

@inproceedings{Duan2013EffectsOA,
  title={Effects of Ambient Temperature on Egg and Larval Development of the Invasive Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): Implications for Laboratory Rearing},
  author={J. Duan and Timothy J. Watt and P. Taylor and K. Larson and Jonathan P. Lelito},
  booktitle={Journal of economic entomology},
  year={2013}
}
ABSTRACT The emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, an invasive beetle from Asia causing large scale ash (Fraxinus) mortality in North America, has been extremely difficult to rear in the laboratory because of its long life cycle and cryptic nature of immature stages. This lack of effective laboratory-rearing methods has not only hindered research into its biology and ecology, but also mass production of natural enemies for biological control of this invasive pest. Using sticks… Expand
Effects of Low Temperature Exposure on Diapause, Development, and Reproductive Fitness of the Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): Implications for Voltinism and Laboratory Rearing
TLDR
Results showed that chill treatment of immature young larvae (L1–L4 prior to JL) results in little production of EAB adults, indicating that EAB diapause predominantly as JL, indicating the pest's voltinism resulting from the diAPause and post-diapause development under different climatic conditions. Expand
Host utilization, reproductive biology, and development of the larval parasitoid Tetrastichus planipennisi as influenced by temperature: Implications for biological control of the emerald ash borer in North America
TLDR
The effects of five constant temperatures from 15’°C to 35 °C on T. planipennisi parasitism rate, development, adult longevity, and fecundity in EAB were determined. Expand
Reproductive and developmental biology of the emerald ash borer parasitoid Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) as affected by temperature
TLDR
Investigation of the effects of constant ambient temperature on immature development time, sex ratio, pre-oviposition period, fecundity and survivorship of emerald ash borer larvae found S. galinae had the highest net reproductive rate and intrinsic rate of increase when female parasitoids were maintained at 25 °C for their lifetimes, suggesting this is the optimal temperature to rear S. Galinae. Expand
Effects of Host Plant and Larval Density on Intraspecific Competition in Larvae of the Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
TLDR
Larval mortality resulting from cannibalism, starvation, or both, significantly increased as egg density increased, and the biomass of surviving larvae significantly decreased on both ash species, when larval density was adjusted to the same level. Expand
Larval Survival and Growth of Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) on White Ash and White Fringetree Saplings Under Well-Watered and Water-Deficit Conditions
TLDR
The higher rate of mortality and slow growth rate of larvae in white fringetree as compared to white ash suggest that populations of emerald ash borer may be sustained by white fringingetree, but may grow more slowly than in white ash. Expand
Feeding, Survival, and Fecundity of Adult Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) on Foliage of Two Novel Hosts and Implications for Host Range Expansion
TLDR
White fringetree is a suitable host for EAB to complete its lifecycle, although larvae perform more poorly on this host than in susceptible ash species, and the more distantly related olive appears to be a poor host for adult EAB. Expand
EMERALD ASH BORER (COLEOPTERA: BUPRESTIDAE) HOST EXPANSION; TRADING AN OPTIMAL HOST FOR ENEMY FREE SPACE?
TLDR
Evaluated larval performance in two common ash species and white fringetree by infesting excised bolts with emerald ash borer eggs and conducted choice and no choice assays using the classical biological control agent, Tetrastichus planipennisi, to assess its ability to locate larval EAB in the different host plants. Expand
Effects of Temperature and Photoperiod on the Reproductive Biology and Diapause of Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), an Egg Parasitoid of Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
TLDR
Findings suggest that O. agrili should be continuously reared under warm temperature and long-day photoperiod (to avoid diapause for increased reproduction) and that diapaused adults should be used for field releases in early summer when temperatures are still relatively low and host eggs are available so that they can produce multiple generations prior to overwintering. Expand
Host range expansion may provide enemy free space for the highly invasive emerald ash borer
TLDR
Failure of T. planipennisi to parasitize larvae within fringetree has implications for the efficacy of this classical biological control agent in regulating emerald ash borer populations. Expand
Biotic mortality factors affecting emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) are highly dependent on life stage and host tree crown condition
TLDR
It is found that the fates of larvae were highly dependent on EAB life stage and host tree crown condition, and the lack of sufficient levels of host tree resistance and natural enemies contribute to rapid population growth of EAB at recently colonized sites. Expand
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References

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TLDR
There were no significant differences in mortality rates because of parasitism between parasitoid-release and control plots, and T. planipennisi was detected in each of the three release sites by the end of the study but was not detected in the experimental cohorts or associated wild larvae in any of theThree control plots. Expand
Occurrence of Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and Biotic Factors Affecting Its Immature Stages in the Russian Far East
ABSTRACT Field surveys were conducted from 2008 to 2011 in the Khabarovsk and Vladivostok regions of Russia to investigate the occurrence of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, andExpand
Effects of Rearing Conditions on Reproduction of Spathius agrili (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a Parasitoid of the Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
TLDR
Spathius agrili Yang can be successfully reared on emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, larvae feeding in chambers drilled in small ash twigs that are wrapped with floral tape, indicating that females maintained in groups with males for one week can receive enough sperm for production of female progeny throughout their lives. Expand
Critical Rearing Parameters of Tetrastichus planipennisi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) as Affected by Host Plant Substrate and Host-Parasitoid Group Structure
TLDR
Results from this study showed that offspring production and critical fitness parameters of T. planipennisi from parasitized emerald ash borer larvae are significantly influenced by host plant substrate type, host-parasitoid group size, parasitoid-to-host ratio, or a combination in the primary exposure assay. Expand
Preimaginal Stages of the Emerald Ash Borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): An Invasive Pest on Ash Trees (Fraxinus)
TLDR
The results support the segregation of Agrilus larvae into two informal assemblage based on characters of the mouthparts, prothorax, and abdomen: the A. viridis and A. ater assemblages, with A. planipennis being more similar to the former. Expand
Suitability and Accessibility of Immature Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Stages to Tetrastichus planipennisi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)
TLDR
Fourth instars yielded the most parasitoid progeny, followed by, in approximately equal numbers, J larvae, prepupae, and third instars, which indicates which emerald ash borer developmental stages are most suitable for rearing T. planipennisi. Expand
Biology and damage traits of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) in China
TLDR
In a 10‐year‐old velvet ash (Fraxinus velutina Torr.) plantation in Tianjin, emerald ash borer preferred to oviposit on the regions of boles from 50‐150 cm above ground, accounting for 76.7% of the total girdling. Expand
The Biology and Ecology of the Emerald Ash Borer, Agrilus planipennis, in China
TLDR
The biology, ecology, and life cycle of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, were studied using regular inspection in the forest and observations in the laboratory, and preliminary suggestions for its integrated management are proposed. Expand
Attraction of the emerald ash borer to ash trees stressed by girdling, herbicide treatment, or wounding
TLDR
Girdled trees could be a useful tool for use in opera- tional programs to detect or manage localized A. planipennis infestations, and were higher on trees in full or nearly full sun than on shaded trees. Expand
Interactions between Spathius agrili (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Tetrastichus planipennisi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), larval parasitoids of Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
TLDR
Three hymenopteran parasitoids native to China are being released in the United States as biological control agents for the emerald ash borer, and two of them, Spathius agrili Yang (Braconidae) and Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang (Eulophidae), a larval endoparasitoid, prefer late-instar EAB larvae. Expand
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