Effects of Acidification on Fish Reproduction

  title={Effects of Acidification on Fish Reproduction},
  author={Kazumasa Ikuta and Takashi Yada and Shoji Kitamura and Nikko Branch and Teiichi Nishimura and Toyoji Kaneko},
Acid rain induces the acidification of inland waters which results in damage to aquatic ecosystems that contain fish. In northern Europe and America, where damage by acid rain has been manifested, many populations of fishes have vanished. At present, rapidly expanding industrial activities in Asia have led to a continuous increase in emissions of acidic pollutants, and rain at acidic levels of pH 4 has often precipitated throughout Japan. In order to investigate the effects of acid rain on fish… CONTINUE READING