Effects of 14 weeks of progressive endurance training on energy expenditure in elderly people

  title={Effects of 14 weeks of progressive endurance training on energy expenditure in elderly people},
  author={B{\'e}atrice Morio and Christophe Montaurier and Gis{\`e}le Pickering and Patrick Ritz and Nicole Fellmann and Jean Coudert and Bernard Beaufr{\`e}re and Michel Vermorel},
  journal={British Journal of Nutrition},
  pages={511 - 519}
Effects of progressive endurance training on energy expenditure (EE) were studied in thirteen elderly sedentary subjects (62.8 (sd 2.3) years) after 7 and 14 weeks of training. Daily EE (DEE) and energy cost of the various usual activities were measured over 48 h by whole-body indirect calorimetry. Free-living DEE (DEEFLC) was calculated from 7 d activity recordings and the energy costs of activities were measured in the calorimeters using the factorial method. DEEFLC did not vary significantly… 
Components and variations in daily energy expenditure of athletic and non-athletic adolescents in free-living conditions
Differences in daily EE between athletic and non-athletic subjects resulted mainly from increases in FFM and EE during exercise (duration and energy cost).
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Effects of exercise training amount on physical activity energy expenditure.
It is concluded that in middle-aged overweight or obese subjects participating in an extended exercise intervention, total PAEE increased, and there was no compensatory decrease in nonexercise PAEE.
The Effect of Exercise Training on Total Daily Energy Expenditure and Body Composition in Weight-Stable Adults: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.
Results suggest a weight-independent compensatory response to exercise training with potentially a sex-specific adjustment in body composition, and suggest a sex difference in the relationship among energy balance components.
Resting metabolic rate after endurance exercise training.
The effect of a 12-wk endurance exercise training program on RMR is examined to provide insight into the mechanisms responsible for alterations in RMR that may occur after exercise training and the mechanism for the decrease in CON is unknown.
Energy Compensation Following a Supervised Exercise Intervention in Women Living With Overweight/Obesity Is Accompanied by an Early and Sustained Decrease in Non-structured Physical Activity
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Endurance training does not enhance total energy expenditure in healthy elderly persons.
It is concluded that in healthy elderly persons, endurance training enhances cardiovascular fitness, but does not increase TEE because of a compensatory decline in physical activity during the remainder of the day.
Influence of endurance training on energy intake, norepinephrine kinetics, and metabolic rate in older individuals.
Examination of the influence of endurance training on voluntary energy intake and the associated changes in resting metabolic rate (RMR) and norepinephrine (NE) kinetics in older individuals under supervised living conditions found no significant change in energy intake.
24 h energy expenditure during a standardized activity protocol in young and elderly men.
The results indicate that mean energy costs for low intensity daily activities (some daily household activities and a bench stepping exercise) were the same for young and elderly men.
Effects of endurance training on total fat oxidation in elderly persons.
It is concluded that endurance training shifts in vivo basal substrate utilization toward greater fat oxidation in elderly individuals and enhanced fat oxidation is associated with increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system and alterations in fat-free mass.
Peripheral effects of endurance training in young and old subjects.
The absolute changes that training produced in peak VO2 were similar in both age groups, but the 128% increase in muscle oxidative capacity was greater in the elderly, suggesting that peripheral factors play an important role in the response of the elderly to endurance exercise.
Effect of physical training on the insulin resistance of aging.
  • R. Tonino
  • Medicine
    The American journal of physiology
  • 1989
Results show that peripheral insulin resistance in older persons can be decreased by increasing the level of physical training, independent of changes in weight or body composition, and level ofPhysical training should be considered in its measurement.
Critical evaluation of the factorial and heart-rate recording methods for the determination of energy expenditure of free-living elderly people
The factorial and the HR recording methods are satisfactory alternatives to the DLW method when considering the mean DEE of a group of subjects and are suitable for determining free-livingDEE of elderly people when the reference value (i.e. sleeping metabolic rate) is accurately measured.
Resting metabolic rate and diet-induced thermogenesis in young and elderly subjects: relationship with body composition, fat distribution, and physical activity level.
A relationship of age per se with RMR but not with DIT is demonstrated, and no clear relation between physical activity level and RMR or DIT was observed.
Exercise training of men at retirement: a clinical trial.
The effects of one year of exercise training on cardiorespiratory fitness, levels of daily leisure activity, and blood lipids (cholesterol and high density lipoproteins) were studied in a