AIM To determine the efficacy of preoperative concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) to improve the prognosis of locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. METHODS Twenty-five patients with clinical stage IB2-IVB adenocarcinoma of the cervix were received preoperative CCRT. The CCRT protocol included: external radiotherapy to the pelvis: 39.6 Gy; intra-arterial or intravenous infusion of 70 mg/m2 cisplatin, days 1 and 22; 24-h continuous intravenous infusion of 700 mg/m2 5-FU, days 1-4 and 22-25. Two weeks after the end of CCRT, patients underwent restaging followed by appropriate surgery with pelvic lymphadenectomy. RESULTS The overall clinical response rate was 96% (24/25), with a complete response (CR) in 12/25 patients and partial response (PR) in 12/25. On pathological examination, 5 of 19 patients (26%) undergoing surgery showed a pathological CR, 13 patients showed a PR, and 1 patient no change (NC) in their disease. Grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicity was observed in 15 patients. Grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity was observed in 8 patients. The median follow-up period was 34 months (range, 6-69). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 84%, and the progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 76%. CONCLUSIONS Preoperative CCRT improves the survival of patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the cervix, with manageable toxicities.