Effectiveness of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIT) and Continuous Endurance Training for VO2max Improvements: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials

@article{Milanovi2015EffectivenessOH,
  title={Effectiveness of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIT) and Continuous Endurance Training for VO2max Improvements: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials},
  author={Zoran Milanovi{\'c} and Goran Spori{\vs} and Matthew Weston},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2015},
  volume={45},
  pages={1469-1481}
}
BackgroundEnhancing cardiovascular fitness can lead to substantial health benefits. [] Key MethodMethodsSix electronic databases were searched (MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, CINAHL and Google Scholar) for original research articles. A search was conducted and search terms included ‘high intensity’, ‘HIT’, ‘sprint interval training’, ‘endurance training’, ‘peak oxygen uptake’, and ‘VO2max’.

Figures and Tables from this paper

Interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training for cardiorespiratory fitness improvements in middle-aged and older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Evidence synthesis is provided for interval training as a viable exercise strategy to improve cardiorespiratory function in healthy ageing and within-group and between-group comparisons of maximal oxygen uptake are conducted.
Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Sprint Interval Training on Time-Trial Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
TLDR
The results of the meta-analysis indicate that long-HIIT may be the optimal form of interval training to augment TT performance and additional research that directly compares HIIT exercise differing in work-bout duration would strengthen these results.
The Effect of Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training on Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Low-volume HIIT appears to be a time-efficient treatment for increasing fitness, but not for the improvement of body composition, and while most studies tended to favour improvement in lean body mass with low-volumeHIIT versus MICT, this was not significant.
Comparative Effectiveness of High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training for Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Childhood Obesity: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
TLDR
HIIT positively affects the cardiometabolic risk factors in childhood obesity and can improve cardiorespiratory fitness more significantly than MICT, indicating that HIIT may be an alternative and effective training method for managing childhood obesity.
Dose-Response Relationship between Endurance Training Prescription Variables and Increases in Aerobic Performance of Healthy and Unhealthy Middle and Very Old Individuals Aged 70 Years and Older: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
TLDR
ET is an effective mean for improving aerobic performance in healthy older adults when compared with their unhealthy counterparts, and dose–response relationships of training prescription variables (in terms of frequency, and volume) are provided.
The dose-response relationship between interval-training and VO2max in well-trained endurance runners: A systematic review
TLDR
The novel method of training-load analysis demonstrates a relationship between the IT STRIMP and VO2max improvements, which provides practical application for the periodization of IT within the training regime of well-trained distance runners.
High-Intensity Interval Training Performed by Young Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
The present findings suggest that young athletes performing HIIT may improve certain important variables related to aerobic, as well as anaerobic, performance as it requires less time per training session leaving more time for training sport specific skills.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES
Effects of Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training (HIT) on Fitness in Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Controlled and Non-Controlled Trials
TLDR
Low-volume HIT produces moderate improvements in the aerobic power of active non-athletic and sedentary subjects and on Wingate peak and mean power, and more studies are needed to resolve the unclear modifying effects of sex and HIT dose on aerobic power and the unclear effects on sprint fitness.
Effects of sprint interval training on VO2max and aerobic exercise performance: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
TLDR
Strong evidence support improvement of aerobic exercise performance and VO2max following SIT, which coincides with peripheral muscular adaptations, and future RCTs on long‐term SIT and underlying mechanisms are warranted.
Sprint Interval Training Effects on Aerobic Capacity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Evaluation of effects and analysis of moderating variables consolidates the findings of small-sample studies and contributes to the practical application of SIT to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and health.
Effect of Aerobic Interval Training on Exercise Capacity and Metabolic Risk Factors in People With Cardiometabolic Disorders: A META-ANALYSIS
TLDR
Analysis of a limited number of studies with small sample sizes indicates that AIT is superior to CME in terms of improving exercise capacity, and high quality studies with larger sample size are required to confirm this finding in adults with cardiometabolic disorders.
VO2max Trainability and High Intensity Interval Training in Humans: A Meta-Analysis
TLDR
It is suggested that ideas about trainability and VO2max should be further evaluated with standardized IT or IT/CT training programs.
Effects of high-intensity interval training on pulmonary function
TLDR
The data suggest that both whole-body exercise training and HIT are effective in increasing inspiratory muscle strength with HIT offering a time-efficient alternative to ET in improving aerobic capacity and performance.
Effects of a low-volume aerobic-type interval exercise on VO2max and cardiac mass.
TLDR
The study revealed that V˙O2max improvement with theHIAT was greater than with the CAT despite the HIAT being performed with a far lower volume and in far less time than the CAT, suggesting that the HIIT has potential as a time-efficient training mode to improve V�’O 2max in sedentary adults.
Impact of low-volume, high-intensity interval training on maximal aerobic capacity, health-related quality of life and motivation to exercise in ageing men
TLDR
Preliminary evidence is provided that low-volume HIIT increases perceptions of HRQL, exercise motives and aerobic capacity in older adults, to varying degrees, in both SED and LEX groups.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...