Effectiveness of Disc 'O' Sit cushions on attention to task in second-grade students with attention difficulties.

  title={Effectiveness of Disc 'O' Sit cushions on attention to task in second-grade students with attention difficulties.},
  author={Beth Pfeiffer and Amy Henry and Stephanie Miller and Suzie Witherell},
  journal={The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association},
  volume={62 3},
  • Beth Pfeiffer, Amy Henry, S. Witherell
  • Published 1 May 2008
  • Psychology, Education
  • The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
This study investigated the effectiveness of a type of dynamic seating system, the Disc 'O' Sit cushion (Gymnic, Osoppo, Italy), for improving attention to task among second-grade students with attention difficulties. Sixty-three second-grade students participated in the study. Using a randomized controlled trial design, 31 students were assigned to a treatment group, and 32 were assigned to a control group. Treatment group participants used Disc 'O' Sit cushions throughout the school day for a… 

Tables from this paper

The Efficacy of Fidget Toys in a School Setting for Children with Attention Difficulties and Hyperactivity
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of fidget toys on attention-totask and on-task behavior for students with ADHD characteristics in a third-grade classroom. This study
The Effects of Inflated Seating Cushions on Engagement in Preschool Circle Time
Inflatable balls and cushions made of non-latex rubber can provide alternatives to sitting on the floor/ground or classroom chairs. This study tested the effect of inflatable cushions (wiggle
The Effects of Gum Chewing on Classroom Performance in Children with ADHD: A Pilot Study
A four-week single subject (A-B) research design examined the effects of gum chewing on classroom performance in two 2 nd grade boys with a diagnosis of ADHD. This study focused on three variables:
The Impact of Dynamic Furniture on Classroom Performance: A Pilot Study
The purpose of this study was to understand how dynamic classroom furniture may impact classroom performance such as attention, work neatness, and work completion in a second grade general education
Self-regulation workshop and Occupational Performance Coaching with teachers: A pilot study
Preliminary results support the use of sensorimotor education combined with OPC to enable teachers’ occupational performance.
The Effects of Ball Chair Seating during an Instructional Period in First Grade Classrooms
ABSTRACT Seating that allows movement is commonly suggested to enhance postural activation, attention, and behavior. The study examined the effects of ball chair seating on legibility, student
Alternative Seating and Students' Perceptions: Implications for the Learning Environment.
Expectations placed on educators to improve academic performance continue to increase across the United States. One reason for this rise in expectancy is the enactment of The Every Student Succeeds
The Effects of Traditional Seating versus Flexible Seating on Academic Performance in a Selected Kindergarten Classroom
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of traditional seating versus flexible seating on academic performance in a selected kindergarten classroom. The sample consisted of students
Effectiveness of sensory processing strategies on activity level in inclusive preschool classrooms
The social validity results show that sensory processing strategies can be integrated into the theme curriculum and improve activity levels in children.
The Impact of Dynamic Seating on Classroom Behavior of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Therapy ball chairs facilitated in-seat behavior and decreased autism related behavior of the students with Autism Spectrum Disorder in class.


Classroom seating for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: therapy balls versus chairs.
Examination of the effects of therapy balls as seating on in-seat behavior and legible word productivity of students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) provides evidence that use of therapy Balls for students with ADHD may facilitate in- Seat behavior and Legible word Productivity.
A randomized controlled pilot study of the effectiveness of occupational therapy for children with sensory modulation disorder.
  • L. Miller, J. Coll, S. Schoen
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 2007
Findings suggest that OT-SI may be effective in ameliorating difficulties of children with SMD.
Variables Related to Successful School-Based Practice
In this ethnographic study, 13 occupational therapists who provided school-based services were interviewed. Each therapist was asked to describe an example of a student with whom she felt
Classroom Strategies Used by Teachers of Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • S. Mulligan
  • Education, Psychology
    Physical & occupational therapy in pediatrics
  • 2001
Qualitative analysis of teacher responses to open-ended questions provided recommendations for improving the education of children with ADHD, including: increasing special education support in the classroom, smaller class sizes, frequent parent-teacher collaboration, and more hands-on learning experiences.
Alternative Seating for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Effects on Classroom Behavior
This study suggests therapy balls as classroom seating may facilitate engagement and in-seat behavior and create opportunities to provide effective instruction.
Objective measurement of hyperactivity and attentional problems in ADHD.
The relative inability of boys with ADHD to sit still can be objectively verified, and "fidgeting" appears to consist of more frequent, larger amplitude, whole body movements.
Council for Exceptional Children
The report of the proceedings of the 1970 convention of the Council for Exceptional Children includes papers on the arguments for and against special class placement. Discussions concern themselves
Sensory Integration and Learning Disabilities: Ayres' Factor Analyses Reappraised
  • R. Cummins
  • Psychology
    Journal of learning disabilities
  • 1991
These analyses purport to have identified factors that emerge from the scores of children with learning disabilities but not from the Scores of academically nondisabled children, but a reappraisal of these analyses in combination finds no support for this claim.
What Does the No Child Left Behind Act Mean to Early Childhood Teacher Educators?: A Call for a Collective Professional Rejoinder
This article is a call to become more critically aware of the new law commonly referred to as No Child Left Behind Act, which was put into effect in 2002 in the United States. The article is also an
Educational Psychology: Windows on Classrooms
1. Educational Psychology: Developing a Professional Knowledge Base PART I. The Learner 2. The Development of Cognition and Language 3. Personal, Social, and Emotional Development 4. Group and