Effective Propulsion in Swimming: Grasping the Hydrodynamics of Hand and Arm Movements.

@article{Houwelingen2017EffectivePI,
  title={Effective Propulsion in Swimming: Grasping the Hydrodynamics of Hand and Arm Movements.},
  author={Josje van Houwelingen and Sander Schreven and Jeroen B. J. Smeets and H. J. H. Clercx and Peter J. Beek},
  journal={Journal of applied biomechanics},
  year={2017},
  volume={33 1},
  pages={87-100}
}
In this paper, a literature review is presented regarding the hydrodynamic effects of different hand and arm movements during swimming with the aim to identify lacunae in current methods and knowledge, and to distil practical guidelines for coaches and swimmers seeking to increase swimming speed. Experimental and numerical studies are discussed, examining the effects of hand orientation, thumb position, finger spread, sculling movements, and hand accelerations during swimming, as well as… CONTINUE READING

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