Effective Policing

  title={Effective Policing},
  author={William G. Iacono},
  journal={Criminal Justice and Behavior},
  pages={1295 - 1308}
  • W. Iacono
  • Published 1 October 2008
  • Psychology
  • Criminal Justice and Behavior
Forensic applications of polygraph techniques rely primarily on the control or comparison question test (CQT). The author describes the CQT and its theoretical basis, and how it is used and evaluated by the polygraph professionals, and by scientists at arms length from the polygraph community. Because the CQT (a) has a weak theoretical foundation, making it unlikely that it can be as accurate as polygraph proponents claim, (b) is biased against the innocent, and (c) may be subject to… 
The polygraph: current practice and new approaches
Of all deception detection tools, the polygraph has the longest tradition. Still, the use of the polygraph for the detection of deception has been debated in the scientific literature for almost as
Employing Polygraph Assessment
ALTHOUGH the exact number is not known, it is a safe bet that tens of thousands of polygraph tests are administered in the United States every year. Most of these tests are administered by federal
Credibility assessment: preliminary process theory, the polygraph process, and construct validity.
  • John J Palmatier, L. Rovner
  • Psychology
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2015
Polygraph testing of sex offenders
Postconviction polygraph testing of sex offenders is an inherent part of sex offender treatment and supervision throughout the United States, while mandatory testing of high-risk sex offenders was
The Utility of Post-Conviction Polygraph Testing Among Sexual Offenders
There was a significant increase in relevant disclosures associated with the polygraph, and the impact on reoffending rates was significant for violent but not sexual offenses.
A review of the polygraph: history, methodology and current status
The history of research into psychophysiological measurements as an aid to detecting lying, widely known as the ‘lie detector’ or polygraph, is the focus of this review. The physiological
and Polygraph Methods Ethical Practice in Sex Offender Assessment : Consideration of Actuarial
Abstract The current generation of community protection laws represents a shift in priorities that may see the individual rights of sex offenders compromised for the goal of public safety. At the
Mind Reading Using Neuroimaging
Traditional lie detection tools, such as the polygraph, voice stress analysis, or special interrogation techniques, rely on behavioral or psychophysiological manifestations of deception. With the


A comparison of field and laboratory polygraphs in the detection of deception.
The results indicate that the CQT is susceptible to false positive errors when subjects are tested under field-like circumstances, a problem that is not likely to be eliminated by refinements in instrumentation and scoring.
The validity of the lie detector : Two surveys of scientific opinion
The widespread use of polygraph (lie detector) tests has important social and individual consequences. Courts asked to admit polygraph findings into evidence, as well as individuals asked to submit
Validity of the Control Question Polygraph Test: The Problem of Sampling Bias
Sampling bias is a potential problem in polygraph validity studies in which posttest confessions are used to establish ground truth because this criterion is not independent of the polygraph test. In
What Is the Current Truth About Polygraph Lie Detection?
With reference to the continued debate about polygraph lie detection, this article applies standard criteria of scientific validity to the most common and influential polygraph procedure, the Control
The role of psychophysiology in forensic assessments: deception detection, ERPs, and virtual reality mock crime scenarios.
It is suggested that guilty verdicts from ERP-based deception detection approaches are likely to be accurate, but that innocent (or indeterminate) verdicts yield no useful interpretation in an applied setting.
Neuroimaging Techniques for Memory Detection: Scientific, Ethical, and Legal Issues
  • D. Meegan
  • Psychology
    The American journal of bioethics : AJOB
  • 2008
It is concluded that current memory detection techniques do not yet meet United States standards of legal admissibility, but none of the techniques are devoid of forensic potential, although much research is yet to be done.
The detection of deception.
  • D. Faust
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Neurologic clinics
  • 1995
Mental and physical countermeasures reduce the accuracy of the concealed knowledge test.
The effects of a physical and a mental countermeasure on the concealed knowledge test (CKT) were examined in a mock crime experiment and demonstrate that the CKT has no special immunity to the effects of countermeasures.