Effect on pain of changing the needle prior to administering medicine intramuscularly: a randomized controlled trial.

@article{Aa2011EffectOP,
  title={Effect on pain of changing the needle prior to administering medicine intramuscularly: a randomized controlled trial.},
  author={Emine Ağaç and Ulk{\"u} Yapucu G{\"u}neş},
  journal={Journal of advanced nursing},
  year={2011},
  volume={67 3},
  pages={
          563-8
        }
}
  • Emine Ağaç, Ulkü Yapucu Güneş
  • Published 2011
  • Medicine
  • Journal of advanced nursing
  • AIM This paper is the report of a study to determine whether changing the needle before administering an intramuscular injection could reduce pain, and to investigate gender differences in pain perception. [...] Key MethodMETHOD A randomized controlled trial was carried out between January 2009 and May 2009 with 100 patients receiving diclofenac sodium intramuscularly in an emergency and traffic hospital in İzmir, Turkey. The primary outcome was pain intensity measured on a numerical rating scale.Expand Abstract

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