Effect of vertically transmitted ectoparasites on the reproductive success of Swifts (Apus apus)

@article{Tompkins1996EffectOV,
  title={Effect of vertically transmitted ectoparasites on the reproductive success of Swifts (Apus apus)},
  author={Daniel M. Tompkins and Tim Jones and Dale H. Clayton},
  journal={Functional Ecology},
  year={1996},
  volume={10},
  pages={733-740}
}
1. Parasites that are transmitted vertically from parent hosts to offspring are expected to be relatively benign, because their fitness depends on successful host reproduction. The effects of two species of vertically transmitted ectoparasite on the reproductive success of swifts (Apus apus L.) were tested. Populations of the Chewing Louse, Dennyus hirundinis (L.) (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae), and the Flightless Louse Fly, Crataerina pallida (Latreille) (Diptera: Hippoboscidae), were… 

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