Effect of tree nuts on glycemic outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review

  title={Effect of tree nuts on glycemic outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review},
  author={Arti Muley and Ritin S Fernandez and Laura Ellwood and Prasad Muley and Monali Shah},
  journal={JBI Evidence Synthesis},
  pages={966 - 1002}
ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this review was to synthesize the best available research evidence regarding the effectiveness of tree nuts on glycemic outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Introduction: There has been an increase in the use of complementary therapy, particularly botanical products, for management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It has been reported that increasing mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids in diet effectively lowers the risk of development of type 2… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Effects of Almonds on Gut Microbiota, Glycometabolism, and Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials

Almonds-based diets may be effective in promoting short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria and lowering glycated haemoglobin and body mass index in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with control, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Effects of Nut Consumption on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Diseases

Nuts have favorably acted on lipid profile, glucose homeostasis, vascular health, and weight control, and human clinical trials are needed to find the exact and most effective pathways by which nuts prevent or reduce cardiovascular risk factors.

Nuts and Metabolic Syndrome: Reducing the Burden of Metabolic Syndrome in Menopause

The mechanisms set in motion by nuts have shown different levels of efficacy against the disturbances associated with metabolic syndrome, but a beneficial impact on lipids and carbohydrate metabolism, and a potential, but minimal reduction in blood pressure and fat accumulation have been found.

A Comprehensive Review of Almond Clinical Trials on Weight Measures, Metabolic Health Biomarkers and Outcomes, and the Gut Microbiota

This comprehensive narrative review of 64 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 14 systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses provides an in-depth analysis of the effect of almonds on weight measures,

Evaluation of the Quality of Evidence of the Association of Foods and Nutrients With Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes

This systematic review examines meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials and cohort studies for the magnitude of effect of foods, beverages, and nutrients for cardiometabolic disease.



The Effect of Walnut Oil Consumption on Blood Sugar in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Consumption of walnut oil (15 g/day for three months) was shown to improve blood glucose level but, no changes were noted for bodyweight and blood pressure in type two diabetic patients.

Effect of Tree Nuts on Glycemic Control in Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Dietary Trials

Background: Tree nut consumption is associated with reduced diabetes risk, however, results from randomized trials on glycemic control have been inconsistent.

Effects of pistachio nut supplementation on blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized crossover trial.

Dietary consumption of pistachio nuts as a snack has beneficial effects on glycemic control, blood pressure, obesity, and inflammation markers in diabetic patients.

Dietary fats and prevention of type 2 diabetes.

Nuts as a replacement for carbohydrates in the diabetic diet: a reanalysis of a randomised controlled trial

The effect of replacing carbohydrate consumption with mixed nut consumption, as a source of unsaturated fat, on cardiovascular risk factors and HbA1c in type 2 diabetes was assessed and change in Hb a1c was change in 2008.

Effects of hazelnuts consumption on fasting blood sugar and lipoproteins in patients with type 2 diabetes

Results of this study indicated that incorporation of hazelnuts into diet can prevent reduction of HDL-C concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes, but had no effect on FBS or other lipid profile indices.

Effects of Walnuts on Endothelial Function in Overweight Adults with Visceral Obesity: A Randomized, Controlled, Crossover Trial

Investigation of the effects of daily walnut consumption on endothelial function and other biomarkers of cardiac risk in a population of overweight individuals with visceral adiposity found the addition of walnuts to the diet does not lead to weight gain.