Effect of the air hammer on the hands of stonecutters. The limestone quarries of Bedford, Indiana, revisited.

@article{Taylor1984EffectOT,
  title={Effect of the air hammer on the hands of stonecutters. The limestone quarries of Bedford, Indiana, revisited.},
  author={William Taylor and Donald E. Wasserman and Virginia J. Behrens and Dk Reynolds and Shlomo Samueloff},
  journal={British Journal of Industrial Medicine},
  year={1984},
  volume={41},
  pages={289 - 295}
}
In the limestone quarries of Indiana, USA, pneumatic percussive hammers replaced the mallet and hammer around 1900. By 1917 the air hammer was being used exclusively for periods of eight to ten hours a shift. In 1918 Alice Hamilton investigated an unusual "disease" in these stonecutters of Bedford, Indiana, who complained of "attacks of numbness and blanching of the fingers coming on suddenly under the influence of cold and then disappearing." The prevalence of vibration induced white finger… 

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