Effect of temperature and humidity on pathogenicity of native Beauveria bassiana isolate against Musca domestica L.

Abstract

Beauveria bassiana HQ917687 virulence to housefly larvae and adult was assessed at different relative humidity, RH (50, 75, 90, and 100 %) and temperature (15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 °C) conditions at the fungal dose of 10(8) conidia/ml. Depending on the temperature and RH regime tested, difference in mortality rates of housefly adult and larvae were detected. During assay on adult housefly, 100 % mortality was achieved at RH, 90 and 100 % while the temperature of 30 °C showed maximum mortality at all the tested humidity conditions. Lethal time, LT50 was 2.9 days at 100 % RH. Larval mortality at different humidity conditions varied between 30 and 74 %, with maximum mortality at 100 % RH and 30 °C. Optimum temperature for B. bassiana virulence to housefly larvae was also found to be 30 °C. The interaction between temperature and RH revealed significant effect of RH at moderate temperature range (20-35 °C), while such an interaction was not observed at extreme temperatures. The results obtained in this study have useful implications in understanding the pathogen behavior under actual field conditions. This in turn may help devising suitable entomopathogen release schedules for maximum fungal infection.

DOI: 10.1007/s12639-013-0408-0

Cite this paper

@article{Mishra2015EffectOT, title={Effect of temperature and humidity on pathogenicity of native Beauveria bassiana isolate against Musca domestica L.}, author={Sapna Mishra and Peeyush Kumar and Anushree Malik}, journal={Journal of parasitic diseases : official organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology}, year={2015}, volume={39 4}, pages={697-704} }