Sucralose is a safe, intensely sweet, noncaloric sucrose derivative that has been shown to be noncariogenic. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects on plaque pH in vivo of sucralose in iced tea (alone or bulked with maltodextrin or with maltodextrin/dextrose) with sucrose in iced tea. Fourteen subjects, with DMFT > 7 and an acidogenic plaque, participated in the study. Plaque pH response to one of five solutions: unsweetened tea, tea with sucralose (final concentration 0.007% by weight), tea with sucralose/maltodextrin (final concentrations 0.007% and 0.59% by weight, respectively), tea with sucralose/maltodextrin/dextrose (final concentrations 0.007, 0.018 and 0.57% by weight, respectively) and tea with sucrose (final concentration 4.7% by weight); was assessed in five experimental sessions. All solutions, except the unsweetened tea, had a sweetness equivalent to 2 teaspoons of sucrose in 6 OZ of beverage. Using a touch electrode, plaque pH was measured at baseline and at specific time intervals up to 60 min after rinsing with the test solution for 1 min. Comparisons between groups were done for minimum pH, delta pH, and area under the pH curve (AUC), by using the nonparametric Friedman's test and the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Rinsing with tea and sucrose resulted in significantly lower minimum pH, higher delta pH and larger AUC than rinsing with the solutions containing sucralose. It can be concluded that sucralose alone or in combination with maltodextrin or with maltodextrin/dextrose is significantly less acidogenic than sucrose when used as a sweetener in iced tea.