Effect of stem cell application on Asherman syndrome, an experimental rat model

Abstract

We evaluate the effect of stem cells to induce endometrial proliferation and angiogenesis on Asherman Syndrome (AS). The experimental study was performed in stemcell research laboratory. Forty Wistar-Albino rats were divided according to groups. In group1 (n = 10) to establish the model; trichloroacetic acid was injected to right uterine horn. Two weeks later, intrauterine synechia was confirmed. In group2 (n = 10), 2 weeks later, 2 × 106 mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) were injected into right uterine horn followed by three intraperitoneal injections of MSCs. In group3 (n = 10), daily oral estrogen was initiated on the second week. In group4 (n = 10), MSC injections and oral estrogen was given together. The amount of fibrosis, vascularisation, inflammation and immunohistochemical staining with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 were evaluated in the uterine tissues. In all treatment groups; fibrosis decreased but vascularisation and immunhistohemical stainings increased in the experimental side. The amount of fibrosis, vascularisation, Ki-67 and PCNA scores were similar between group2 and 3. In group4, comparing to group2, less fibrosis but more Ki-67, PCNA and VEGF staining was observed. Stem cells, when added to estrogen, are a highly effective alternative to induce regeneration of endometrium in Asherman Syndrome therapy.

DOI: 10.1007/s10815-014-0268-2

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@article{Kili2014EffectOS, title={Effect of stem cell application on Asherman syndrome, an experimental rat model}, author={Sevtap Kiliç and Beril Yuksel and Ferda Alparslan Pinarli and Abdulmecit Albayrak and Başak Boztok and Tuncay Delibaşi}, journal={Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics}, year={2014}, volume={31}, pages={975-982} }